CONGRESSWOMAN ELISE STEFANIK
S.Con.Res. 45 is expected to be considered under suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds majority for passage. The legislation was introduced by Sen. Arlen Specter (D-PA) on October 6, 2009.
S.Con.Res. 45 resolves that Congress:
• "Encourages the Government of Iran to allow Joshua Fattal, Shane Bauer, and Sarah Shourd to communicate by telephone with their families in the United States; and
• "Encourages the Government of Iran to allow Joshua Fattal, Shane Bauer, and Sarah Shourd to reunite with their families in the United States as soon as possible."
On July 31, 2009, officials of the Government of Iran took three U.S. citizens-Joshua Fattal, Shane Bauer, and Sarah Shourd-into custody near the Ahmed Awa region of northern Iraq, after they reportedly crossed into the territory of Iran while hiking in Iraq. Officials of the Government of Iran have confirmed that they are holding them. Iran has allowed consular access by the Embassy of Switzerland (in its capacity as the representative of the interests of the United States in Iran) to the Americans.