S. 2906: A bill to amend the Act of August 9, 1955, to modify a provision relating to leases involving certain Indian tribes

S. 2906

A bill to amend the Act of August 9, 1955, to modify a provision relating to leases involving certain Indian tribes

Sponsor
Sen. Maria Cantwell

Date
December 14, 2010 (111th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

The House is scheduled to consider S. 2906 under a suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds majority vote for passage, on Tuesday, December 14, 2010.  S. 2906 was introduced on December 18, 2009, by Sen. Maria Cantwell (D-WA) and was approved in the Senate by unanimous consent on September 22, 2010.  The bill was referred to the House Natural Resources Committee, which took no official action.

Bill Summary

S. 2906 would authorize the Kalispel Tribe of Indians and the Puyallup Tribe of Indians to lease lands held in trust for up to 99 years—as opposed to 25 years under current law.  99 year leases would be subject to the approval of the Bureau of Indian Affairs (BIA).

Background

According to House Report 111-246, Congress enacted the the Long-Term Leasing Act, in 1955 to allow some land transactions between Indian tribes and nonfederal parties (specifically, the leasing of Indian lands).  Current law requires that leases of Indian lands be approved by the Secretary of the Interior and limited lease terms to 25 years.  As business opportunities and economic considerations changed over time, leases longer than 25 years were desired.  To facilitate economic development on trust lands, over the years, a number of tribes have obtained amendments to the Long-Term Leasing Act so that they could enter into leases for terms longer than 25 years.  Approximately 50 tribes have obtained these amendments and all are listed in the Long-Term Leasing Act as having authority to enter into leases for terms as long as 99 years.

Cost

According to CBO, “implementing S. 2906 would have no significant impact on the federal budget.”