H.Res. 65: a resolution condemning the Government of North Korea

H.Res. 65

a resolution condemning the Government of North Korea

Sponsor
Rep. Ed Royce

Date
February 15, 2013 (113th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Friday, February 15, 2013, the House will consider H.Res. 65, a resolution condemning the Government of North Korea for its flagrant and repeated violations of multiple United Nations Security Council resolutions, for its repeated provocations that threaten international peace and stability, and for its February 12, 2013, test of a nuclear device, under suspension of the rules.  The resolution was introduced by Representative Ed Royce (R-CA) and Representative Eliot Engel (D-NY), Chairman and Ranking Member of the House Committee on Foreign Affairs, on February 13, 2013.

Bill Summary

In short, the resolution condemns North Korea for its nuclear test conducted on Tuesday,  February 12, 2013 and for its repeated violations of  U.N. Security Council resolutions  and repeated provocations threatening the international community; expresses solidarity with the people of North Korea; reaffirms the United States’ commitment to Japan and South Korea; and calls on China to pressure North Korea to curtail its behavior and to take immediate action with respect to North Korea’s transshipment of illicit technology, military equipment and dual use items through its territory, waters, and airspace.  Finally, the resolution calls on the United States to apply all relevant sanctions and cooperate with U.S. allies to impose additional sanctions, aggressively utilize the range of available legal resources to defend the United States, and support the President’s commitment to strengthen the United States’ ballistic missile defense system. 

Background

On Tuesday, February 12, 2013, North Korea conducted its third, and strongest, nuclear test.  According to the New York Times, “preliminary estimates [have] suggested a test far larger than the previous two conducted by the North, though probably less powerful than the first bomb the United States dropped on Japan, in Hiroshima, in 1945.”

This is the first test conducted under the reign of Kim Jong-Un, and the latest in a long line of provocative acts carried out by North Korea.  In 2002, North Korea publically admitted that it had been secretly carrying out a nuclear program, and by 2006 had conducted its first nuclear test.  Three years later North Korea conducted its second nuclear test.  Both of these tests were conducted using plutonium, and it is still unclear whether this new test was conducted with uranium, a capability North Korea has been pursuing since at least 2002.

The international community, including the United States, has repeatedly condemned the aggressive actions taken by North Korea.  In particular, this nuclear test and its recent ballistic missile tests are in direct violation of U.N. Security Resolutions 1695, 1718, 1874, and 2087, which established strong sanctions to discourage North Korea from pursuing its nuclear program.

Cost

There is no cost associated with the Resolution.