H.Res. 568: Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding the importance of preventing the Government of Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability

H.Res. 568

Expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding the importance of preventing the Government of Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability

Date
May 15, 2012 (112th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Tuesday, May 15, 2012, the House is scheduled to consider H.Res. 568, a resolution expressing the sense of the House of Representatives regarding the importance of preventing the Government of Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability, under a suspension of the rules requiring a two-thirds majority for approval.  The bill was originally introduced on March 1, 2012, by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) and was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs.

Bill Summary

H.Res. 568 would urge continued and increasing economic and diplomatic pressure on Iran to secure an agreement with the Government of Iran that includes:

 

(A) the full and sustained suspension of all uranium enrichment-related and reprocessing activities;

 

(B) complete cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on all outstanding questions related to Iran's nuclear activities, including--

 

(i) the implementation of the Additional Protocol to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons; and

 

(ii) the verified end of Iran's ballistic missile programs; and

 

(C) a permanent agreement that verifiably assures that Iran's nuclear program is entirely peaceful;

 

The bill would also express support for the universal rights and democratic aspirations of the Iranian people; would affirm that it is a vital national interest of the United States to prevent the Government of Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability; would strongly support United States policy to prevent the Government of Iran from acquiring a nuclear weapons capability; would reject any United States policy that would rely on efforts to contain a nuclear weapons-capable Iran; and would urge the President to reaffirm the unacceptability of an Iran with nuclear-weapons capability and opposition to any policy that would rely on containment as an option in response to the Iranian nuclear threat.

Background

According to findings of the legislation, the United Nations Security Council has adopted multiple resolutions since 2006 demanding the full and sustained suspension of all uranium enrichment-related and reprocessing activities by the Iranian Government and its full cooperation with the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) on all outstanding issues related to its nuclear activities, particularly those concerning the possible military dimensions of its nuclear program.

On November 8, 2011, the IAEA issued an extensive report documenting “serious concerns regarding possible military dimensions to Iran's nuclear programme” and stating that “Iran has carried out activities relevant to the development of a nuclear device.”

The resolution also notes that the Department of State has designated Iran as a “State Sponsor of Terrorism” since 1984 and has characterized Iran as the “most active state sponsor of terrorism.”

Cost

There was no Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimate available for this legislation.