H.Res. 418, Urging the Government of Burma to end the persecution of the Rohingya people and respect internationally recognized human rights for all ethnic and religious minority groups within Burma

H.Res. 418

Urging the Government of Burma to end the persecution of the Rohingya people and respect internationally recognized human rights for all ethnic and religious minority groups within Burma

Sponsor
Rep. James P. McGovern

Date
May 7, 2014 (113th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Wednesday, May 7, 2014, the House will consider H.Res. 418, a resolution Urging the Government of Burma to end the persecution of the Rohingya people and respect internationally recognized human rights for all ethnic and religious minority groups within Burma, under suspension of the rules.  H.Res. 418 was introduced by Rep. James McGovern (D-MA) on November 18, 2013 and was referred to the House Foreign Affairs Committee.  The bill was marked up on March 25, 2014 and was ordered reported, as amended, by unanimous consent.

Bill Summary

H.Res. 418 calls on the Government of Burma to: 1) end all forms of persecution and discrimination of the Rohingya people and ensure respect for internationally recognized human rights for all ethnic and religious minority groups within Burma; and 2) recognize the Rohingya people as an ethnic group indigenous to Burma and to work with the Rohingya to resolve their citizenship status.  In addition, H.Res. 418 calls on the U.S. government and the international community to pressure Burma to take all necessary measures to end the persecution and discrimination of the Rohingya population and protect all ethnic and religious minorities in Burma.  Finally, this resolution calls on the U.S. government to prioritize the removal of state-sanctioned discriminatory policies in its engagement with the Government of Burma.

Background

The Rohingya people are an ethnic minority living in the Rakhine state of Burma.  The current government of Burma excludes the Rohingya people from its list of approved ethnic groups, rendering them stateless and vulnerable to legal, economic, and social discrimination.[1]  Of the 800,000 Rohingya living in Burma, 140,000 are internally displaced (another 231,000 are living as refugees in Bangladesh, and at least 15,000 are refugees in Malaysia).[2]  The Rohingya have been subject to significant oppression by government officials in Rakhine state, including being required to obtain official permission for marriages; forced into labor camps with inadequate conditions; and being subject to a two-child policy.[3]  In January 2014, the United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights reported possessing credible evidence of the death of at least 48 Rohingyas, one in a series of incidents that has left hundreds of people dead.[4]  Burmese officials have denied the killings.[5]

________________
[1] H.Res. 418.
[2] Id.
[3] Id.
[4] Id.
[5] Id.

Cost

A CBO estimate is unavailable, but no cost is expected.

Additional Information

For questions or further information contact the GOP Conference at 5-5107.