H.Res. 1013: Condemning the violent suppression of legitimate political dissent and gross human rights abuses in the Republic of Guinea

H.Res. 1013

Condemning the violent suppression of legitimate political dissent and gross human rights abuses in the Republic of Guinea

Date
January 20, 2010 (111th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact

Floor Situation

H.Res. 1013 is expected to be considered on the floor of the House on Wednesday, January 20, 2010, under a motion to suspend the rules, requiring a two-thirds vote for passage. The legislation was introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) on January 13, 2010.

Bill Summary

H.Res. 1013 would resolve that the House of Representatives:
• "Condemns the violent suppression of legitimate political dissent and gross human rights abuses, including mass murder and extreme sexual violence, perpetrated by forces under the command of the National Council for Democracy and Development (CNDD) in Guinea and demands that the perpetrators of these crimes be brought to justice;
• "Expresses grave concern about the further deterioration of security and rule of law in Guinea, particularly with regard to ongoing reports of-
o harassment of opposition figures, members of civil society, and journalists;
o rising ethnic tensions;
o growing cleavages within the CNDD and the military which raise the potential of a violent counter-coup;
o recruitment of militias and other irregular forces from within Guinea and neighboring countries;
o importation of weapons despite an arms embargo on the region; and
o uncertainty about the prospects for restoring civilian rule through free, fair, and transparent elections;
• "Calls on China to cease its material support for the CNDD by publically announcing the cancellation of China International Fund's $7,000,000,000 minerals and infrastructure deal in Guinea;
• "Urges all Member States of the United Nations to join the United States, the European Union (EU), the African Union (AU), and the Economic Community of West Africa States (ECOWAS) to impose sanctions against the regime until constitutional order and rule of law has been restored in Guinea;
• "Supports the efforts of the ECOWAS and the AU to find a resolution to the current political crisis in Guinea;
• "Urges the leaders of the CNDD to uphold their pledges to form an inclusive transitional government, refrain from standing as candidates in the upcoming national elections, and to facilitate the conduct of free, fair, and transparent elections that meet international standards and reflect the will of the Guinean people; and
• "Expresses solidarity with the people of Guinea during this time of extreme uncertainty and expresses deep regret for the victims of the September 28, 2009, crackdown and subsequent political impasse."

Background

According to the resolution's findings, on December 23, 2008, a military junta calling itself the National Council for Democracy and Development (CNDD) seized power in the Republic of Guinea hours after the death of longtime President Lansana Conte, suspended the national legislature and the constitution, and committed to hold free and fair national elections as part of a "peaceful transition" to a civilian-led government.