CONGRESSWOMAN ELISE STEFANIK
On Friday, February 12, 2016, the House will consider the Senate Amendment to H.R. 757, the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act, under suspension of the rules. H.R. 757 was introduced on February 5, 2015 by Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA) and passed the House on January 12, 2016 by a vote of 418-2. The Senate then passed the bill, with an amendment, on February 9, 2016 by unanimous consent.
The Senate amendment to H.R. 757 includes numerous provisions to strengthen U.S. sanctions against North Korea.
Major Similarities – Major provisions in both the House and Senate-passed bills.
Click here for the Legislative Digest for the House-passed version of the bill.
The government of North Korea “has repeatedly violated its commitments to the complete, verifiable, irreversible dismantlement of its nuclear weapons programs, and has willfully violated multiple United Nations Security Council resolutions calling for it to cease its development, testing, and production of weapons of mass destruction.” The country “poses a grave risk for the proliferation of nuclear weapons and other weapons of mass destruction.”
In addition, North Korea’s government “has been implicated repeatedly in money laundering and illicit activities, including prohibited arms sales, narcotics trafficking, the counterfeiting of United States currency, and the counterfeiting of intellectual property of United States persons.” Further, its government has “repeatedly sponsored acts of international terrorism, including attempts to assassinate defectors and human rights activists, repeated threats of violence against foreign persons, leaders, newspapers, and cities, and the shipment of weapons to terrorists and state sponsors of terrorism.”
The President also has determined that the government of North Korea is “responsible for knowingly engaging in significant activities undermining cybersecurity with respect to United States persons and interests, and for threats of violence against the civilian population of the United States.” The government’s conduct “poses an imminent threat to the security of the United States and its allies, to the global economy, to the safety of members of the United States Armed Forces, to the integrity of the global financial system, to the integrity of global nonproliferation programs, and to the people of North Korea.”
Following reports of a recent North Korean nuclear test, Chairman Royce said that “the answer to North Korea’s threats is more pressure, not less. This rogue regime has no interest in being a responsible state. It continues to starve its people while it works to advance nuclear, missile and cyber weapons that pose a direct threat to the U.S. and our allies. The administration’s North Korea policy has proven a dramatic failure, and we urgently need a new approach.”
H.R. 757 is designed to “use nonmilitary means to address this crisis, to provide diplomatic leverage to negotiate necessary changes in North Korea’s conduct, and to ease the suffering of the people of North Korea.” According to Chairman Royce, “North Korea continues to threaten the United States and our close allies with its nuclear, missile, and now cyber capabilities. I am pleased to [introduce this legislation] to step up the targeting of those financial institutions in Asia and beyond that are supporting this brutal and dangerous regime. By shutting down North Korea’s illicit activities, we deprive the Kim regime of the money it needs to pay the generals and to conduct nuclear weapons research.”
In the 113th Congress, the House passed similar legislation, the North Korea Sanctions Enforcement Act (H.R. 1771), by voice vote on July 28, 2014.
 H.R. 757, Sec. 2(1).
 Id. at Sec. 2(2).
 Id. at Sec. 2(3).
 Id. at Sec. 2(4).
 Id. at Sec. 2(9).
 Id. at Sec. 2(11)
 See Press Release—“Chairman Royce Condemns North Korea Nuclear Test,” January 6, 2016.
 H.R. 757 at Sec. 2(12)
 See Press Release—“Chairman Royce, Ranking Member Engel Introduce Legislation to Tackle Growing North Korea Threat,” February 5, 2015.
The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that implementing the Senate Amendment to H.R. 757 would cost $44 million over the 2016 to 2021 period, assuming appropriation of the specified and estimated amounts. Because enacting the legislation would affect direct spending and revenues, pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO estimates that enacting the legislation would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits by more than $5 billion in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.
For questions or further information please contact Molly Newell with the House Republican Policy Committee by email or at 2-1374.