H.R. 5978, Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Amendments Act of 2016

H.R. 5978

Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Amendments Act of 2016

Date
September 26, 2016 (114th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
John Huston

Floor Situation

On­­­­ Monday, September 26, 2016, the House will likely consider H.R. 5978, the Coast Guard and Maritime Transportation Amendments Act of 2016, under suspension of the rules. H.R. 5978 was introduced on September 9, 2016, by Rep. Duncan Hunter (R-CA) and was referred to the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, which ordered the bill reported, as amended, on September 14, 2016.

Bill Summary

H.R. 5978 makes technical changes to provisions in enacted Coast Guard Authorization Acts, aligns Coast Guard major acquisitions programs to Department of Defense acquisition programs, and addresses issues with certain fishing vessels. In addition, it requires the establishment of a Global Positioning System backup system to ensure the availability of uncorrupted and nondegraded positioning, navigation, and timing signals for military and civilian users in the event that GPS signals are corrupted, degraded, unreliable, or otherwise unavailable.

Background

The United States Coast Guard is one of our Nation’s five armed services whose critical missions include saving lives, safeguarding our shores, and protecting living marine resources. These missions also include search and rescue, marine safety, maritime law enforcement, drug and migrant interdiction, maintaining aids-to-navigation, icebreaking, marine environmental protection, oil spill prevention and response, defense readiness, and ports, waterway, and coastal security. The Coast Guard consists of approximately 40,000 active duty military personnel, 7,500 reservists, and 8,300 civilian employees.[1]

This military force falls under the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) during peace time but may become a specialized force within the Navy during times of war. In 2014, the Coast Guard responded to over 17,500 search and rescue cases saving over 3,400 lives, conducted over 8,600 security boardings of vessels entering U.S. ports, inspected over 12,500 U.S. flagged commercial vessels to ensure safety and security requirements were met, maintained over 51,000 aids to navigation, and interdicted over 3,500 undocumented migrants and 140 metric tons of illegal drugs.[2]

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[1] See Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure document—“The Coast Guard Authorization Act of 2015.” at 2.
[2] Id.

Cost

A Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimates is currently not available.

Additional Information

For questions or further information please contact John Huston with the House Republican Policy Committee by email or at 6-5539.