H.R. 5843, United States-Israel Cybersecurity Cooperation Enhancement Act of 2016

H.R. 5843

United States-Israel Cybersecurity Cooperation Enhancement Act of 2016

Rep. James R. Langevin

November 29, 2016 (114th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact

Floor Situation

On­­­­ Tuesday, November 29, 2016, the House will consider H.R. 5843, the United States-Israel Cybersecurity Cooperation Enhancement Act of 2016, under suspension of the rules. H.R. 5843 was introduced on July 14, 2016, by Rep. James Langevin (D-RI) and was referred to the Committee on Homeland Security, which ordered the bill reported, by voice vote, on September 13, 2016.

Bill Summary

H.R. 5843 authorizes the Secretary of the Department of Homeland Security to carry out a grant program to support cybersecurity research and development and the demonstration and commercialization of cybersecurity technologies with Israel. In addition, the bill requires cost sharing (with at least 50% of program costs provided by a non-Federal source), which can be waived by the Secretary on a case-by-case basis. The Secretary is required to utilize an advisory board to oversee and monitor the grants that are awarded and report to Congress on the use of grant funds.


The United States and Israel are the two leading destinations for private cybersecurity investment. Both governments have the capacity to address national cybersecurity challenges, and the evolving threat landscape requires enhanced cybersecurity research, development, and commercialization of cybersecurity products.[1]

Currently, the U.S. and Israel are parties to an “Agreement on Cooperation in Science and Technology for Homeland Security Matters.” The Agreement, which covers mutual interests in research, development, testing, and evaluation, authorizes the Under Secretary of Science and Technology to initiative, encourage, develop, and facilitate bilateral Cooperative Activities with Israel on homeland security-related science and technology capabilities.[2]

[1] See House Report 114-826 at 4.
[2] Id. at 3.


The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that enacting H.R. 5843 would cost $1 million annually, subject to the availability of appropriated funds. Implementing H.R. 5843 could affect direct spending if non-Federal partners contribute funds for DHS to provide cybersecurity grants, therefore pay-as-you-go procedures apply. CBO further estimates that enacting the legislation would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.

Additional Information

For questions or further information please contact Jake Vreeburg with the House Republican Policy Committee by email or at 6-1828.