H.R. 5629, Strengthening Domestic Nuclear Security Act of 2014, as amended

H.R. 5629

Strengthening Domestic Nuclear Security Act of 2014, as amended

Date
December 1, 2014 (113th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Monday, December 1, 2014, the House will consider H.R. 5629, the Strengthening Domestic Nuclear Security Act of 2014, under a suspension of the rules.  H.R. 5629 was introduced on September 18, 2014 by Rep. Patrick Meehan (R-PA) and referred to the Committee on Homeland Security.

Bill Summary

H.R. 5629 amends the Homeland Security Act of 2002 to authorize the Domestic Nuclear Detection Office (DNDO) at $291 million for each of fiscal years 2015 and 2016.  DNDO was originally established by National Security Presidential Directive 43 and Homeland Security Presidential Directive 14 in April of 2005 and was later codified in law by the Security and Accountability for Every Port Act of 2006.

DNDO is responsible for coordinating Federal efforts to detect and protect against the unauthorized importation, possession, storage, transportation, development, or use of a nuclear explosive device, fissile material, or radiological material in the United States. DNDO serves has the primary entity of the United States Government to develop, acquire, and support the deployment of an enhanced domestic detection system.

In carrying out the mission of the Office, the Director would be required to provide comprehensive support to Federal, State, and local entities to assist in implementing radiological and nuclear detection capabilities in the event of an attack.  These capabilities would be required to be integrated into the enhanced global nuclear detection architecture.  Moreover, the Director is required to establish the “Securing the Cities” (STC) program to enhance the ability of the U.S. to detect and prevent a radiological or nuclear attack in high-risk urban areas.  The Director is required to consider jurisdictions designated as high-risk urban areas  for the STC program and notify Congress within 30 days of any changes or additions to the program.  Within one year of the bill’s enactment, the GAO is required to submit a report to Congress on the program’s effectiveness.

This legislation also requires the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) to complete and sign a Mission Need Statement and Operational Requirements Document in the event of the acquisition of a new system for use under this Act.  H.R. 5629 also changes the reporting requirements of the Joint Interagency Review of Global Nuclear Detection Architecture.  Under current law, the report is submitted annually.  This legislation would require the report be submitted biennially.

Cost

A CBO cost estimate is currently unavailable.

Additional Information

For questions or further information contact the GOP Conference at 5-5107.