H.R. 5081, Strengthening Child Welfare Response to Trafficking Act of 2014

H.R. 5081

Strengthening Child Welfare Response to Trafficking Act of 2014

Sponsor
Rep. Karen Bass

Date
July 23, 2014 (113th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Wednesday, July 23, 2014, the House will consider H.R. 5081, the Strengthening Child Welfare Response to Trafficking Act of 2014, under a suspension of the rules.  H.R. 5081 was introduced on July 11, 2014 by Reps. Karen Bass (D-CA) and John Kline (R-MN) and referred to the Committee on Education and the Workforce. 

Bill Summary

H.R. 5081 amends Section 106 of the Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA) to add assurances in the state plan for grants for child abuse or neglect prevention and treatment programs: 1) provisions and procedures to identify and assess reports involving children who are sex trafficking victims; 2) provisions and procedures for training representatives of the state child protective services systems about identifying and assessing children who are sex trafficking victims; and 3) provisions and procedures for identifying services and procedures for appropriate referral to address the needs of children who are sex trafficking victims. The state will also report the number of children identified as sex trafficking victims in the National Child Abuse and Neglect Data System.

This legislation also requires the Secretary of HHS to submit a report to Congress within one year of enactment that: 1) describes the type and prevalence of severe forms of trafficking in persons to which children who are identified for services in the child welfare system have been subjected; 2) summarizes the practices and protocols utilized by states to identify and serve children who are victims of trafficking (or are at risk of being trafficked); and 3) specifies any barriers in federal laws or regulations that may prevent identification and assessment of children who are victims of trafficking.

Background

In 1974, Congress passed CAPTA as the key federal legislation addressing child abuse and neglect to improve the response to, and understanding of, its occurrence. Among the programs that CAPTA authorizes are formula grants to states and territories to help improve their child protective services (CPS) systems, in exchange for state compliance on reporting, investigation, and treatment of child abuse or neglect.[1]  This legislation will improve practices within state child welfare systems to identify, assess, and document sex trafficking victims.

________________
[1] Emilie Stoltzfus, “The Child Abuse Prevention and Treatment Act (CAPTA): Background, Programs, and Funding,” Congressional Research Service (Nov. 4, 2009), at 1.

Cost

A formal CBO cost estimate is currently unavailable, although a preliminary and informal estimate states the bill would have no effect on federal direct spending over the FY 2015-2024 period.

Additional Information

For questions or further information contact the GOP Conference at 5-5107.