H.R. 4005: Gauging American Port Security (GAPS) Act

H.R. 4005

Gauging American Port Security (GAPS) Act

Sen. Bernard Sanders

June 26, 2012 (112th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact

Floor Situation

On Tuesday, June 26, 2012, the House is expected to consider H.R. 4005, the Gauging American Port Security (GAPS) Act, under a suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds majority vote for approval.  The bill was introduced on February 9, 2012, by Rep. Janice Hahn (D-CA) and was referred to the Committee on Homeland Security.  The committee held a mark-up session on May 9, 2012, and ordered the bill to be reported by voice vote.

Bill Summary

H.R. 4005 would direct the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) to submit to Congress a study of possible gaps in U.S. port security, to include a prioritization of such gaps and a comprehensive plan for addressing them.



More than 11 million cargo containers arrive in America's ports every year.  These ports are responsible for moving imports and exports throughout the Nation on a daily basis, and there are cargo ships coming to United States' shores from ports all over the world.


The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that H.R. 4005 would cost “about $1 million in fiscal year 2013, from appropriated funds.”  Enacting the legislation would not affect direct spending or revenues; therefore, pay-as-you-go procedures do not apply.