H.R. 3694, Strategy To Oppose Predatory (STOP) Organ Trafficking Act, as amended

H.R. 3694

Strategy To Oppose Predatory (STOP) Organ Trafficking Act, as amended

Sponsor
Rep. Dave Trott

Date
June 13, 2016 (114th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Molly Newell

Floor Situation

On Monday, June 13, 2016, the House will consider H.R. 3694, Strategy To Oppose Predatory (STOP) Organ Trafficking Act, as amended, under suspension of the rules. The bill was introduced on October 6, 2015, by Rep. David Trott (R-MI) and was referred to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, which ordered the bill reported in the Nature of a Substitute on April 20, 2016.

Bill Summary

H.R. 3694 states that it shall be the policy of the United States to combat the international trafficking of persons for the removal of their organs, promote the establishment of voluntary organ donation systems and promote the dignity and security of human rights. In addition, the bill amends:

  • The Passport Act of 1926 (22 U.S.C. 211a et. seq.) to provide the Secretary of State the authority to refuse to issue a passport to an individual who has been convicted for knowingly acquiring, receiving or transferring a human organ to be transplanted.
  • Trafficking Victims Protection Act of 2000 (22 U.S.C. 7102) to include trafficking of persons for the removal of their organs in the “severe forms of trafficking in persons” definition. This Act is also amended to require the Interagency Task Force to Monitor and Combat Trafficking to include the collection and organization of data on trafficking from human rights officers at United States embassies on host countries’ laws against trafficking of persons for the removal of their organs and any instances of violations of such laws.

No later than one year after enactment, and every year after through 2024, the Secretary of State shall report to Congress, within the Annual Trafficking in Persons and Human Rights reports, on actions taken by the U.S and other countries to address and prevent trafficking of persons for the removal of their organs.

Background

The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that 10% of transplanted organs worldwide are illegally obtained, coerced from vulnerable people or forcibly harvested from prisoners and oppressed minorities. According to the bill sponsor, “The illegal trafficking of human organs is a tragic and terrible crime. Groups like ISIS use this brutal practice to fund their activities and strike fear in the hearts of innocent people. That’s why it’s critical that America takes a leading role in combating these atrocities and preventing more people from falling victim to these heartbreaking crimes.”[1]

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[1] See Press Release, “Rep. Trott Authors Legislation to Combat Human Organ Trafficking,” October 2, 2015.

Cost

The Congressional Budget Office (CBO) estimates that implementing the bill would have discretionary costs of $7 million over the 2017-2021 period; such spending would be subject to the availability of appropriated funds. Pay-as-you-go procedures apply because H.R. 3694 would affect direct spending and revenues; however, CBO estimates that those effects would not be significant. CBO estimates that enacting H.R. 3694 would not increase net direct spending or on-budget deficits in any of the four consecutive 10-year periods beginning in 2027.

Additional Information

For questions about amendments or further information on the bill, contact Molly Newell with the House Republican Policy Committee by email or at 2-1374.