H.R. 3081: Making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for the Fiscal Year ending September 30, 2010, and for other purposes

H.R. 3081

Making appropriations for the Department of State, foreign operations, and related programs for the Fiscal Year ending September 30, 2010, and for other purposes

Sponsor
Rep. Nita M. Lowey

Date
July 10, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

The House is scheduled to begin consideration of H.R. 3081, the Department of State, Foreign Operations Appropriations bill, on Thursday, July 10, 2009, under a structured rule making eight amendments in order.

Background

 

Department of State, Foreign Ops, and Related Programs Spending in Millions

 

FY 2009

President's Request

H.R. 3081

H.R. 3081 vs. FY 2009

H.R. 3081 vs. Request

Appropriation

36,622

52,043

48,843

12,221

-3,200

Emergency Spending

18,983

0

0

18,983

0

Total

55,605

52,043

48,843

-6,762

-3,200

H.R. 3081 contains a total of $48.8 billion in discretionary spending, an increase of $12.2 billion or 33 percent above the discretionary spending level for FY 2009.  H.R. 3081 receives the highest increase in funding by percentage of any appropriations bill. 

 

In addition to this large increase, agencies funded through the bill also received $4.2 billion in supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill and $14.7 billion from the Supplemental War Funding bill.  Including emergency spending, agencies that are funded through this appropriation bill received $55 billion in FY 2009.  In spite of these massive supplemental spending increases and record deficits, H.R. 3081 would still increase discretionary spending by 33 percent over the amount appropriated last year.

The spending increases in H.R. 3081 would contribute to an overall total FY 2010 discretionary spending level of $1.09 trillion or 7.6 percent over FY 2009.  From FY 2007 to FY 2009 non-defense spending has increased 85 percent.

H.R. 3081 would provide funding for a number of agencies, including the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration, the Farm Services Agency, the Commodity Assistance Program, WIC, and the Rural Rental Assistance Program.  The following is a summary of the spending highlights and other provisions in the bill.

TITLE I-Department of State and related agencies

The bill provides $26.2 billion in discretionary funding for the State Department, an increase of $5.7 billion above FY 2009.  Funding for the Department of State includes the civilian stabilization initiative, educational and cultural exchange programs, embassy protection and security, overseas peacekeeping, contributions to international organizations (such as the United Nations), international commissions, and broadcasting activities. 

Diplomatic and Consular Programs:  Provides $8.2 billion for Diplomatic and Consular Program, which is an increase of $2.8 billion or 53% over FY 2009. 

Iraq Operations:  Provides $1.1 billion for diplomatic operations in Iraq.  The funding is in addition to $366 million for diplomatic operations made available in the FY 2009 Supplemental Appropriations.

Contributions to Overseas Peacekeeping:  Provides $2.1 billion for State Department overseas peacekeeping contributions, an increase of $608 million or 40 percent over FY 2009.

Contributions to International Organizations:  Provides $1.6 billion in contributions to international organizations, which is an increase of $167 million or 11 percent over FY 2009.  International organizations funded include: the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the World Health Organization (WHO).

TITLE II-USAID

Operating Expenses:  Provides $1.6 billion for US Agency for International Development's (USAID) operating expenses, which is an increase of $580 million or 71 percent over FY 2009.  The increase in funding would be used, in part, to support the hiring of at least an additional 300 new Foreign Service Officers.

Overseas capital space expansion:  Provides $245 million to, according to the Committee Report, allow USAID "to create an additional 900 desks over the next four years."

TITLE III-Bilateral economic assistance

global Health and Child Survival:  Provides a total of $7.784 billion for global health and child survival, which is an increase of $670 million or 9 percent over FY 2009.  The funding provides international support for Child Survival and Maternal Health, Polio, Malaria, Tuberculosis, Avian Influenza and pandemic preparedness, and blind children. 

HIV/AIDS:  Provides $5.2 billion for global HIV and AIDS from the Global Health and Child Survival funding, which is an increase of $200 million over FY 2009.

Family Planning:  Provides the largest increase ever in funding for international family planning, and reproductive health, programs.  The bill provides a total of $7.784 billion for global health programs, including $648 million for family planning and reproductive health, $100 million above the President's request, including $60 million for the UN Population Fund (UNFPA).  This represents a 19 percent increase over the FY 2009 allotment of $545 million, and a 40 percent increase in funding over the past two years.

Development Assistance:  Provides $2.4 billion for Development Assistance, which is an increase of $630 million or 35 percent above FY 2009.  The funding provides international financial support for development including food security and agricultural development, education, and climate change.  Funding for development assistance includes $180 million for clean energy and $10 million for the Solar Energy Microfinance Initiative.

Economic Support Fund:  Provides $6.4 billion for the Economic Support Fund, which is $3.3 billion or 111 percent above FY 2009.  The fund provides $2.1 billion for Afghanistan and $1 billion for Pakistan.  The Economic Support Fund received approximately $4 billion in emergency funding in FY 2009.

Millennium Challenge Corporation:  Provides $1.4 billion for the Millennium Challenge Corporation, an increase of $525 million or 60 percent over FY 2009.

Peace Corps:  Provides $450 million for the Peace Corps, an increase of $111 million or 33 percent over FY 2009.

TITLE IV-International Security Assistance

Peacekeeping Operations:  Provides $331 million for Peacekeeping Operations (PKO), an increase of $81 million or 32 percent over FY 2009.  PKO funds U.S. assistance to international efforts to monitor and maintain the peace in areas of special concern.

Foreign Military Financing Program:  Provides $4.2 billion for the Foreign Military Financing Program (FMF), a decrease of $373 million or 8.1 percent over FY 2009.  Funding for the FMF includes $1 billion for Egypt, $2.2 billion for Israel, $268 million for Pakistan, and $60 million for Columbia.

TITLE V-Multilateral ASSISTANCE

International Development Association:  Provides $1.23 billion for the International Development Association, an increase of $120 million or 10 percent above FY 2009.

Contribution to the Clean Technology Fund:  Provides $225 million for contributions to the international Clean Technology Fund, which was not funded in FY 2009.

Contribution to the Strategic Climate Fund:  Provides $75 million for contributions to the Strategic Climate Fund, which was not funded in FY 2009.

OTHER PROVISIONS OF NOTE

Guantanamo Bay:  Prohibits the use of funds in this or any other Act for any country that concludes an agreement to receive Guantanamo detainees unless the Committee on Appropriations is notified of the terms of such an agreement in advance. 

IMF:  Includes provisions to regarding increased U.S. contributions to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which were authorized in the Supplemental War Funding bill.  Specifically, the provisions:

  • Direct the United States to use its voice and vote to oppose the provision of U.S. dollars and other hard currencies (as a result of the Special Drawing Rights increase included in the fiscal year 2009 supplemental) to IMF member countries that are supporters of terrorism.
  • Sunset at the end of FY 2014 the authority for the U.S. to make loans to the IMF's New Arrangements to Borrow (NAB) lending facility.
  • Set the U.S. contribution to the NAB lending facility at no more than 20 percent of the total.
  • Require the Secretary of the Treasury to issue a report every six months to the Committee on the activities related to NAB lending.

Pro-Life Riders:  Retains all traditional pro-life riders.  However, it should be noted that since President Obama repealed the "Mexico City Policy," the executive order formerly in place to ensure that foreign aid would not flow to organizations that provide or promote abortions, there is now no protection to ensure that the funding provided in this legislation does not flow to abortion providers overseas.

Earmarks:  Contains no earmarks.

H.R. 3081 Spending in Thousands

(Please note that the FY 2009 spending levels are based on the appropriated funding level and do not reflect emergency spending.  Some Democrat scoring methods have based FY 2009 funding on appropriated levels combined with emergency spending as a method of making the increase in appropriated spending in FY 2010 appear artificially smaller than in actuality.)

 

Program

FY 2009

H.R. 3081

FY 2009 vs. H.R. 3081

Percentage Changed

Department of State

12,049,241

16,062,748

4,013,507

33.3%

5,360,318

8,229,000

2,868,682

53.5%

Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI)

45,000

125,000

80,000

177.8%

Capital Investment Fund

71,000

160,000

89,000

125.4%

Office of Inspector General

37,000

100,000

63,000

170.3%

Educational and Cultural Exchange

538,000

600,000

62,000

11.5%

Representation Allowances

8,175

8,175

0

0.0%

Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials

22,814

28,500

5,686

24.9%

Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance

801,344

1,724,000

922,656

115.1%

Emergency Diplomatic Consular Service

9,000

10,000

1,000

11.1%

Buying Power Maintenance Account

5,000

7,500

2,500

50.0%

Repatriation Loans Program Account

1,353

1,450

97

7.2%

American Institute in Taiwan

16,840

21,174

4,334

25.7%

Foreign Service Retirement and Disability

157,100

158,900

1,800

1.1%

Contributions to International Organizations

1,529,400

1,697,000

167,600

11.0%

Contributions to International Peacekeeping

1,517,000

2,125,000

608,000

40.1%

International Boundary Water Commission

75,506

76,250

744

1.0%

International Commissions

11,649

12,608

959

8.2%

International Fisheries Commissions

29,925

48,576

18,651

62.3%

Broadcasting Board of Governors

709,493

746,450

36,957

5.2%

Payment to the Asia Foundation

16,000

19,000

3,000

18.8%

United States Institute of Peace

31,000

49,220

18,220

58.8%

Center for Middle East-Western Dialogue

875

875

0

0.0%

Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program

500

500

0

0.0%

Israeli Arab Scholarship

375

375

0

0.0%

East-West Center

21,000

0

-21,000

-100.0%

National Endowment for Democracy

115,000

100,000

-15,000

-13.0%

Preservation of US Heritage Abroad

599

635

36

6.0%

Commission on International Religious Freedom

4,000

4,300

300

7.5%

Commission on Security in Europe

2,610

2,610

0

0.0%

Congress-Executive Commission on China

2,000

2,000

0

0.0%

US-China Economic Security Commission

4,000

3,500

-500

-12.5%

 

 

 

 

 

USAID and Foreign Assistance

916,359

1,678,300

761,941

83.1%

Operating Expenses

808,584

1,388,800

580,216

71.8%

Civilian Stabilization Initiative

30,000

30,000

0

0.0%

Capital Investment Fund

35,775

213,000

177,225

495.4%

Office of Inspector General

42,000

46,500

4,500

10.7%

 

 

 

 

 

Bilateral Economic Assistance

17,151,000

24,308,583

7,157,583

41.7%

Global Health and Child Survival

7,114,000

7,784,000

670,000

9.4%

Development Assistance

1,800,000

2,440,000

640,000

35.6%

International Disaster Assistance

350,000

830,000

480,000

137.1%

Transition Initiatives

50,000

100,000

50,000

100.0%

Economic Support Fund

3,007,000

6,370,096

3,363,096

111.8%

Democracy Fund

116,000

120,000

4,000

3.4%

International Fund for Ireland

15,000

18,000

3,000

20.0%

Assistance Europe and Central Asia

650,000

762,253

112,253

17.3%

International Narcotics Control

875,000

1,630,000

755,000

86.3%

Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining

525,000

717,430

192,430

36.7%

Migration and Refugee Assistance

931,000

1,480,444

549,444

59.0%

Emergency Refugee Assistance

40,000

75,000

35,000

87.5%

Peace Corps

340,000

450,000

110,000

32.4%

Millennium Challenge Corporation

875,000

1,400,000

525,000

60.0%

 

 

 

 

 

International Security Assistance

4,976,200

4,701,783

-274,417

-5.5%

Peacekeeping Operations

250,000

331,500

81,500

32.6%

International Military Education/Training

91,000

110,283

19,283

21.2%

Foreign Military Financing Program

4,635,000

4,260,000

-375,000

-8.1%

 

 

 

 

 

Multilateral Assistance

1,845,500

2,351,396

505,896

27.4%

International Organizations and Programs

352,500

395,091

42,591

12.1%

Global Environment Facility

80,000

86,500

6,500

8.1%

International Development Association

1,115,000

1,235,000

120,000

10.8%

Contribution to the Clean Technology Fund

0

225,000

225,000

 

Contribution to the Strategic Climate Fund

0

75,000

75,000

 

Asian Development Fund

105,000

115,250

10,250

9.8%

African Development Fund

150,000

159,885

9,885

6.6%

 

 

 

 

 

Total

36,622,000

48,843,000

12,221,000

33.4%

Supplemental Spending

18,983,213

 

 

 

 

Cost

According to the CBO, H.R. 3081 would appropriate $48.8 billion in discretionary funding for FY 2010.

Amendments

H.R. 3081 is being considered under a structured rule (H.Res. 617) making in order eight amendments.  Each amendment is debatable for ten minutes.  The Rule also allows the chair to reduce vote lengths to two minutes and prohibits demands for a division of the question.  Under the Rule, only the Chairman of the Appropriations Committee may make a motion to rise and motions to strike the last word are prohibited.

Following the Democrats' decision to shut down the amendment process, the Rules Committee made in order a maximum of eight.  One Manager's Amendment and seven general amendments are made in order under the rule.  In short, the Democrats are allowing only up to 13 amendments to be offered, denying many amendments which were designed to limit spending.

Amendments Made in Order

Part A:  Manager's Amendment.

1) Rep. Lowey (D-NY):  Prohibits funds for foreign military training from being made to the government of Sri Lanka and stipulates that no funds may be used for first class travel by any agency employees.

The amendment also adjusts the funding level for a number of programs.

•  Increases funding for the Department of State overseas programs by $300,000 to implement "the U.S.-Brazil Joint Action Plan to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Discrimination and Promote Equality."

•  Increases funding for the Office of the Inspector General by $8 million.

•  Increases funding for the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction by $2 million.

•  Increases funding for global maternal health programs by $10 million. 

•  Increases funding for Development Assistance for safe water and sanitation programs by $25 million. 

•  Increases funding for the Democracy Fund by $10 million.

•  Reduces funding for the Department of State Capital Investment Fund by $25.3 million.

•  Reduces funding for the USAID Capital Investment Fund by $28 million.

Part B:  The following seven amendments are made in order under the Rule and must be offered at the appropriate point in the reading of the bill.

1) Rep. Broun (R-GA) Reduces overall discretionary spending in the bill by 5 percent.

2) Rep. Buyer (R-IN) Reduces the following accounts to reflect FY 09 enacted funding levels:  Diplomatic and Consular Programs: reduced by $1.2 billion; Operating Expenses for USAID: reduced by $330 million; Global Health: reduced by $670 million.

3) Rep. Flake (R-AZ)Prohibits funds from the Department of State's Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs from being used for a one-time special educational, professional, or cultural exchange grants program, and reduces the overall amount of the appropriations in the bill by $8 million.

4) Rep. Granger (R-TX)Prohibit funds in the bill from being used by the Secretary of the Treasury to negotiate an agreement in contravention of certain provisions of law.  Provisions include a requirement that the Secretary must ensure that the multilateral development banks make timely, public disclosure of their operating budgets and that the Secretary submit a report to Congress detailing the steps taken to coordinate the activities of the World Bank and the IMF to avoid duplication.

5) Rep. Lewis (R-CA)Reduces funding for Title V of the bill, which funds Multilateral Assistance, by $505,896,000 to reflect FY 2009 funding levels.

6) Rep. Stearns (R-NJ)Reduces funding for the Peace Corps by $76 million to the President's request.

7) Rep. Weiner (D-NY)Eliminates a provision that allows funds to be made available for assistance to Saudi Arabia if the President certifies that Saudi Arabia is fully cooperation with efforts to combat terrorism. Since 2004, Congress has banned aid to Saudi Arabia, unless the President certifies they are fully cooperative in U.S. efforts against terror. The amendment would eliminate the Presidential certification mechanism and effectively prohibit funds from being used to give assistance to Saudi Arabia.