H.R. 2997 Conference Report : Conference Report Accompanying H.R. 2997, the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act 2010

H.R. 2997

Conference Report Accompanying H.R. 2997, the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act 2010

Sponsor
Rep. Rosa L. DeLauro

Date
October 7, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

The House is scheduled to begin consideration of the conference report accompanying H.R. 2997, the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2010, on Wednesday, October 7, 2009, under a rule.  H.R. 2997 was passed in the House on July 17, 2009, by a vote of 266-160.  The Senate passed their version of the bill on July 29, 2009, by a vote of 80-17.  On Wednesday, September 30, 2009, the House passed by a vote of 359-91 a Republican Motion to Instruct Conferees to make the text of the agreed upon bill available in a searchable, electronic format for at least 72 hours prior to its consideration.

Bill Summary

 

Agriculture and FDA Discretionary Funding in Millions

 

FY 2009 Enacted

Senate Passed

House Passed

Conference Report

Conference Report vs. FY 2009

Appropriation

20,456

23,580

22,892

23,304

2,848

Emergency Spending

7,763

0

0

0

-7,763

Total

28,219

23,580

22,892

23,304

-4,915

 

The conference report for H.R. 2997 contains a total of $23.9 billion in discretionary spending, which is an increase of $2.8 billion or 13.9 percent above the discretionary spending level for FY 2009.  The House-passed version of the bill appropriated $22.9 billion, while the Senate-passed bill contained $23.58 billion.  The conference report is an increase of $412 million or 2 percent above the House-passed bill.  Agencies funded through the bill also received $7.7 billion in discretionary supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill and the FY 2009 supplemental spending bill.  In total, the bill received $28.2 billion in discretionary funding in FY 2009.

H.R. 2997 would provide funding for a number of agencies, including the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration, the Farm Services Agency, the Commodity Assistance Program, WIC, and the Rural Rental Assistance Program.  The following is a summary of the spending highlights and other provisions in the bill.

 

TITLE I-Agricultural Programs

Farm Service Agency:  Provides $1.25 billion for the Farm Services Agency salaries and expenses, an increase of $83 million or 7 percent over FY 2009.  The agency administers the USDA's farm commodity, credit, conservation, disaster and loan programs.

Agricultural Research Service:  Provides $1.17 billion for the Agricultural Research Service, which administers programs that "facilitate the efficient, fair marketing of U.S. agricultural products, including food, fiber, and specialty crops."   The appropriation is an increase of $39 million or 3 percent above FY 2009.

National Institute of Food and Agriculture:  Provides $788 million for the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) research and education activities, an increase of $97 million or 14 percent above FY 2009.   NIFA was established by the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 to "be an independent, scientific, policy-setting agency for the food and agricultural sciences, which will reinvigorate our nation's investment in agricultural research, extension, and education."

 

TITLE II-Conservation Programs

Conservation Operations:  Provides $887 million for the USDA's conservation operations, an increase of $34 million or 4 percent above FY 2009.  The conference report includes $10 million for the Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative that was not included in the President's request.   

Watershed Rehabilitation Program:  Provides $40 million for the Watershed Rehabilitation Program, the same as FY 2009 and the House request.

 

TITLE III-Rural Development programs

Rural Housing Loans:  Authorizes $13.1 billion in loans to construct, repair, or improve dwellings and farm facilities, $5.8 billion or 71% more than FY 2009.

Rental Assistance:  Provides $980 million for the USDA's Rural Rental Assistance Program, an increase of $77 million or 8.5 percent above FY 2009.  The program provides an additional source of support for households with incomes too low to pay the Housing and Community Facilities Programs subsidized rent. 

Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants:  Provides $34 million for Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants, an increase of $22 million or 175 percent above FY 2009.  According to the USDA, the program is responsible for "establishing and operating centers for cooperative development to improve the economic condition of rural areas by developing new cooperatives and improving operations of existing cooperatives."

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service:  Provides $895 million for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which includes $4 million for buildings and facilities and represents an increase of $14.3 million above FY 2009.  The bill does not include funding for the National Animal Identification System and includes $157 million for animal and plant pests and diseases eradication.

 

TITLE IV-DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS

WIC:  Provides $7.252 billion for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), an increase of $392 million or 5.7 percent over FY 2009.  WIC received $500 million in supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill.

Commodity Assistance Program:  Provides $247 million for the Commodity Assistance Program, an increase of $17 million or 7.4 percent over FY 2009.

 

TITLE V-Foreign Assistance and Related Programs 

International Food and Child Nutrition Grants:  Provides $209 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program Grants, an increase of $109 million or 109 percent above FY 2009.

 

TITLE VI-FDA and Related Programs

FDA:  Provides $2.34 billion in discretionary funding for the salaries and expenses of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an increase of $318 million or 15 percent above FY 2009.  In addition, the appropriation provides an additional $12 million for FDA buildings and facilities  The Committee Report also stipulates that the Committee intends to authorize the collection of tobacco fees in FY 2010 pursuant to H.R. 1256 the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.

 

OTHER PROVISIONS OF NOTE

Competitive Bidding:  The conference report prohibits the USDA from using any funds to enter into a public/private contact under the OMB Circular A-76-which requires private contractors to compete for federal money to ensure that the U.S. receives maximum value for tax dollars-until report on contracting is submitted.

Earmarks:  The conference report accompanying H.R. 2997 contains more than 320 earmarks, totaling hundreds of millions of dollars.

"Air Drops":  According to the Republican Staff of the Appropriations Committee, the conference report contains 14 pages of items that were not included in the House or Senate bills and were "air dropped" into the legislation during the conference committee.  These items include authorizations for new child nutrition pilot programs that were not requested by the President and a program that gives cash payments to families in the same amount as school lunch meals if a school closes due to H1N1 flu.

Dairy Subsidies:  The conference report contains $350 million in assistance to dairy producers which was not included in the House-passed bill.  The conference report requires that $60 million is used to purchase surplus cheese.

Chinese Poultry:  Allows the importation of Chinese poultry if the Secretary of Agriculture formally notifies Congress and certain mandatory standards are met, such as inspections of Chinese facilities.

Animal Disease Program:  The conference report includes $1.5 million to move the USDA Arthropod Borne Animal Disease program from Ames, Iowa, to Manhattan, Kansas.  The House bill did not include any funding for the move and some Members have argued that the spending is duplicative and unnecessary.

 

H.R. 2997 Discretionary Spending in Thousands

Program

FY 2009

H.R. 2997

Conference Report

Conference Report vs. FY 2009

% Change

Agricultural Programs

 

 

 

 

 

Office of the Secretary

5,174

5,285

5,285

111

2.1%

Executive Operations

35,390

42,251

41,260

5,870

16.6%

Office of the Chief Information Officer

17,527

48,541

61,579

44,052

251.3%

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

5,954

6,466

6,566

612

10.3%

Asst. Sec. for Civil Rights

871

888

895

24

2.8%

Office of Civil Rights

21,551

23,922

23,922

2,371

11.0%

Asst. Secretary for Administration

687

700

806

119

17.3%

Buildings, Facilities and Rental Payment

244,244

326,482

293,093

48,849

20.0%

Hazardous Materials Management

5,100

5,125

5,125

25

0.5%

Departmental Administration

27,011

41,319

41,319

14,308

53.0%

Asst. Secretary for Congressional Relations

3,877

3,968

3,968

91

2.3%

Office of Communications

9,514

9,722

9,722

208

2.2%

Inspector General

85,766

88,781

88,722

2,956

3.4%

General Counsel

41,620

43,601

43,551

1,931

4.6%

Under Sec. for Research, Education, & Economics

609

620

895

286

47.0%

Economic Research Service

79,500

82,478

82,478

2,978

3.7%

National Agricultural Statistics Service

151,565

161,830

161,830

10,265

6.8%

Agricultural Research Service Salaries

1,140,406

1,157,568

1,179,639

39,233

3.4%

National Institute of Food and Agriculture Research

691,043

711,523

788,243

97,200

14.1%

Under Sec. for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

737

753

895

158

21.4%

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

881,387

885,800

909,665

28,278

3.2%

Agricultural Marketing Service

86,711

90,848

91,148

4,437

5.1%

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Admin

42,463

42,463

41,964

-499

-1.2%

Food Safety and Inspection Service

971,566

1,018,520

1,018,520

46,954

4.8%

Farm Service Agency

1,170,273

1,248,770

1,253,777

83,504

7.1%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Conservation Programs

 

 

 

 

 

Conservation Operations

853,400

869,397

887,629

34,229

4.0%

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations

24,289

20,000

30,000

5,711

23.5%

Watershed Rehabilitation Program

40,000

40,161

40,161

161

0.4%

Resource Conservation and Development

50,730

50,730

50,730

0

0.0%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Rural Development Programs

 

 

 

 

 

Under Secretary for Rural Development

646

660

895

249

38.5%

Salaries and Expenses

192,484

195,987

201,987

9,503

4.9%

Rural Business Program Account

87,385

97,116

97,116

9,731

11.1%

Rental Assistance

902,500

980,000

980,000

77,500

8.6%

Multifamily Housing Revitalization Program Account

27,714

31,756

43,191

15,477

55.8%

Rural Housing Assistance Grants

41,500

45,500

45,500

4,000

9.6%

Farm Labor program account

9,135

11,023

19,746

10,611

116.2%

Rural Community Facilities Program Account

63,830

51,091

54,993

-8,837

-13.8%

Rural Cooperative Development Grants

12,636

30,636

34,854

22,218

175.8%

Rural Water and Waste Disposal Program

556,268

546,230

568,730

12,462

2.2%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Domestic Food Programs

 

 

 

 

 

Office of the Under Secretary

610

632

813

203

33.3%

Commodity Assistance Program

230,800

255,570

247,979

17,179

7.4%

WIC

6,860,000

7,541,000

7,252,000

392,000

5.7%

Nutrition Programs Administration

142,595

147,801

147,801

5,206

3.7%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign Assistance and Related Programs

 

 

 

 

 

Foreign Agricultural Service Salaries

165,000

177,000

180,367

15,367

9.3%

International Food and Child Nutrition Grants

100,000

199,500

209,500

109,500

109.5%

Commodity Credit Corporation Program Expenses

5,333

6,820

6,820

1,487

27.9%

 

 

 

 

 

 

FDA and Related Agencies

 

 

 

 

 

FDA Salaries and Expenses

2,038,964

2,337,656

2,344,656

305,692

15.0%

FDA Buildings and Expenses

12,433

12,433

12,433

0

0.0%

Commodity Futures Trading Commission

146,000

160,600

168,800

22,800

15.6%

 

 

 

 

 

 

Total

20,456

22,892

23,304

2,848

13.9%

 

Cost

According to the CBO, H.R. 2997 would appropriate $23.304 billion in discretionary funding for FY 2010.