H.R. 2997: Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

H.R. 2997

Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act, 2010

Sponsor
Rep. Rosa L. DeLauro

Date
July 8, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

The House is scheduled to begin consideration of H.R. 2997, the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2010, on Wednesday, July 8, 2009, under a structured rule making a number of amendments in order. A complete summary of the amendments made in order under the rule will be distributed when they become available.

Bill Summary

 

Agriculture and FDA Discretionary Funding in Millions

FY 2009 (scored)

FY 2009

With Stimulus

President's Request

H.R. 2997

FY 2009 vs. H.R. 2997

H.R. 2997 vs. Request

20,456

26,594

22,972

22,892

2,436

-80

H.R. 2997 contains a total of $22.9 billion in discretionary spending, which is an increase of $2.436 billion or 11.9 percent above the discretionary spending level for FY 2009.  Agencies funded through the bill also received $6.1 billion in discretionary supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill.  In total, the bill received $27.6 billion in discretionary funding in FY 2009.

Spending increases in H.R. 2997 would contribute to an overall total discretionary spending level of $1.09 trillion or 7.6 percent over FY 2009.  From FY 2007 to FY 2009 non-defense spending has increased 85 percent.  During Committee consideration, Republicans offered an alternative that would have increased spending under the bill by only 2 percent, but that amendment was defeated on a party-line vote.

H.R. 2997 would provide funding for a number of agencies, including the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration, the Farm Services Agency, the Commodity Assistance Program, WIC, and the Rural Rental Assistance Program.  The following is a summary of the spending highlights and other provisions in the bill.

TITLE I-Agricultural Programs

Farm Services Agency:  Provides $1.254 billion for the Farm Services Agency, which administers the USDA's farm commodity, credit, conservation, disaster and loan programs.  The appropriation is an increase of $83 million or 7 percent over FY 2009. 

Agricultural Research Service:  Provides a total of $1.19 billion for the Agricultural Research Service, which administers programs that facilitate the efficient, fair marketing of U.S. agricultural products, including food, fiber, and specialty crops.  The appropriation is an increase of $15 million or 1 percent above FY 2009.  The bill provides $35 million for buildings and facilities for the Agricultural Research Service that was not requested by the Administration. 

National Institute of Food and Agriculture:  Provides $1.25 billion for the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), an increase of $32 million or 2.5 percent above FY 2009.   NIFA was established by the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 to "be an independent, scientific, policy-setting agency for the food and agricultural sciences, which will reinvigorate our nation's investment in agricultural research, extension, and education."  Funding in the bill provides for education, extension, and integrated NIFA activities.

TITLE II-Conservation Programs

Conservation Operations:  Provides $869 million for the USDA's conservation operations, an increase of $16 million or two percent above FY 2009.  The bill does not provide for a $10 million reduction in funding for the Grazing Lands Conservation Initiative that was included in the President's request.   

Watershed Rehabilitation Program:  Provides $90 million for the Watershed Rehabilitation Program, including $50.7 million for Resource Conservation and Development which was not requested in the President's budget.

TITLE III-Rural Development programs

Rental Assistance:  Provides $980 million for the USDA's Rural Rental Assistance Program, an increase of $77 million or 8.5 percent above FY 2009.  The program provides an additional source of support for households with incomes too low to pay the Housing and Community Facilities Programs subsidized rent. 

Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants: Provides $30 million for Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants, which is an increase of $18 million or 150 percent above FY 2009.  According to the USDA, the program is responsible for "establishing and operating centers for cooperative development to improve the economic condition of rural areas by developing new cooperatives and improving operations of existing cooperatives."  According to USDA's most recent statistics, the program provided about $6.3 million in grant to 21 applicants in FY 2003.

Rural Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Grants:  Eliminates funding for Rural Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Grants, which received $8 million in FY 2009.

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service:  Provides $885 million for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service, which includes $4 million for buildings and facilities and represents an increase of $4.3 million above FY 2009.  The bill does not include funding for the National Animal Identification System and includes $157 million for animal and plant pests and diseases eradication.

 TITLE IV-DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS

WIC:  Provides $7.541 billion for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), an increase of $681 million or 9 percent over FY 2009.  WIC already received $500 million in supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill.

Commodity Assistance Program:  Provides $255 million for the Commodity Assistance Program, an increase of $24 million or 9.4 percent over FY 2009, and an increase of $22 million or $8.6 million over the President's request. 

TITLE V-Foreign Assistance and Related Programs 

International Food and Child Nutrition Grants:  Provides $199 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program Grants, an increase of $99.5 million or 99 percent above FY 2009.

TITLE VI-FDA and Related Programs

FDA:  Provides $2.337 billion for the salaries and expenses of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), an increase of $298 million or 13 percent above FY 2009.  In addition, the appropriation provides an additional $12 million for FDA buildings and facilities.  Funding for the FDA includes appropriations for the Center for the Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, the Office of Regulatory Affairs, the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, the Center for Veterinary Medicine, and Center for Toxicological Research.  The Committee Report also stipulates that the Committee intends to authorize the collection of tobacco fees in FY 2010 pursuant to H.R. 1256 the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act.

OTHER PROVISIONS OF NOTE

Competitive Bidding:  The bill prohibits the USDA from using any funds to enter into a public/private contact under the OMB Circular A-76--which requires private contractors to compete for federal money to ensure that the U.S. receives maximum value for tax dollars--until a report on contracting is submitted.

Earmarks:  The Committee Report accompanying H.R. 2997 contains more than 320 earmarks, totaling $225 million.

Climate Change:  The Committee Report accompanying the bill includes global climate change as one of a handful of research priorities that the Agricultural Research Service receives an increase of $8.6 million to study.

Chinese Poultry:  Prohibits funds in the bill from being used to establish or implement a rule allowing poultry products to be imported into the U.S. from China.

H.R. 2997 Spending in Thousands

 

Program

FY 2009

H.R. 2997

FY 2009 vs. H.R. 2997

Agricultural Programs

 

 

 

Office of the Secretary

6,174

6,285

111

Executive Operations

35,390

42,251

6,861

Office of the Chief Information Officer

17,527

62,000

44,473

Office of the Chief Financial Officer

5,954

6,466

512

Asst. Sec. for Civil Rights

871

888

17

Office of Civil Rights

21,551

23,922

2,371

Asst. Secretary for Administration

687

700

13

Buildings, Facilities and Rental Payment

244,244

326,982

82,738

Hazardous Materials Management

5,100

5,125

25

Departmental Administration

27,011

41,319

14,308

Asst. Secretary for Congressional Relations

3,877

3,968

91

Office of Communications

9,514

9,722

208

Inspector General

85,766

88,781

3,015

General Counsel

41,620

43,601

1,981

Under Sec. for Research, Education, & Economics

609

620

11

Economic Research Service

79,500

82,478

2,978

National Agricultural Statistics Service

151,565

161,830

10,265

Agricultural Research Service

1,140,406

1,155,568

15,162

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

1,221,000

1,253,000

32,000

Under Sec. for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

737

753

16

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

881,387

885,800

4,413

Agricultural Marketing Service

86,711

90,848

4,137

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Admin

42,463

42,463

0

Food Safety and Inspection Service

971,566

1,018,520

46,954

Farm Service Agency

1,170,273

1,253,770

83,497

 

 

 

 

Conservation Programs

 

 

 

Conservation Operations

853,400

869,397

15,997

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations

24,289

20,000

-4,289

Watershed Rehabilitation Program

40,000

40,161

161

Resource Conservation and Development

50,730

50,730

0

 

 

 

 

Rural Development Programs

 

 

 

Under Secretary for Rural Development

646

660

14

Salaries and Expenses

192,484

195,987

3,503

Rural Business Program Account

87,385

97,116

9,731

Rental Assistance

902,500

980,000

77,500

Multifamily Housing Revitalization Program Account

27,714

31,756

4,042

Rural Housing Assistance Grants

41,500

45,500

4,000

Farm Labor program account

9,135

11,023

1,888

Rural Community Facilities Program Account

63,830

51,091

-12,739

Rural Cooperative Development Grants

12,636

30,636

18,000

Rural Empowerment Zones and Enterprise Grants

8,130

0

-8,130

Rural Water and Waste Disposal Program

556,268

546,230

-10,038

Distance Learning, Telemedicine, and Broadband

63,780

81,691

17,911

 

 

 

 

Domestic Food Programs

 

 

 

Office of the Under Secretary

610

632

22

Commodity Assistance Program

230,800

255,570

24,770

WIC

6,860,000

7,541,000

681,000

Nutrition Programs Administration

142,595

147,801

5,206

 

 

 

 

Foreign Assistance and Related Programs

 

 

 

Foreign Agricultural Service Salaries

165,000

177,000

12

International Food and Child Nutrition Grants

100,000

199,500

99,500

Commodity Credit Corporation Program Expenses

5,333

6,820

1,487

 

 

 

 

FDA and Related Agencies

 

 

 

FDA Salaries and Expenses

2,038,964

2,337,656

298,692

FDA Buildings and Expenses

12,433

12,433

0

Commodity Futures Trading Commission

146,000

160,600

14,600

 

 

 

 

Total

20,456

22,892

2,436

 

 

Cost

According to the CBO, H.R. 2997 would appropriate $22.892 billion in discretionary funding for FY 2010.