H.R. 2112: Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2012

H.R. 2112

Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2012

Date
June 14, 2011 (112th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Tuesday, June 14, 2011, the House is scheduled to begin consideration of H.R. 2112, the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2012, under a rule.  The bill was introduced on June 3, 2011, by Rep. Jack Kingston (R-GA) and referred to the Committee on Appropriations.  The bill is scheduled to be considered under an open rule (H.Res. 300) providing for one hour of general debate equally divided and controlled by the chair and ranking minority member of the Committee on Appropriations.  The open rule provides for consideration of any amendment offered that complies with the House rules.  Under the rule, amendments would be considered following general debate pursuant to the five-minute rule.

Bill Summary

H.R. 2112 would provide a total of $17.25 billion in non-emergency, discretionary budget authority in FY 2012 for government programs funded through the Agriculture and Rural Development Appropriations Act.  The bill would represent a decrease of $2.67 billion or 13 percent below the FY 2011 funding level and a reduction of $5.03 billion or 22 percent below the President’s request.  H.R. 2112 meets and surpasses House Republican’s pledge by bringing discretionary budget authority for Agriculture and related agencies down to FY 2006 spending levels.

The bill provides discretionary budget authority for a number of agencies, including the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration, the Farm Services Agency, the Commodity Assistance Program, WIC, and the Rural Rental Assistance Program.  According to CBO, funding for programs paid for by the bill includes $107.15 billion in mandatory spending, which does not count against the subcommittee’s allocation for FY 2012.  Mandatory funding programs include SNAP (formerly Food Stamps), child nutrition programs, and funding for the Commodity Credit Corporations.  H.R. 2112 would contribute to an overall level of discretionary budget authority of $1.019 trillion for FY 2012, a reduction of $30.3 billion below FY 2011 and $121.5 billion below the president’s request for FY 2012.  The following is a summary of the spending highlights and other provisions in the bill.

TITLE I-AGRICULTURE PROGRAMS

Farm Services Agency:  The bill would provide $1.176 billion for the Farm Services Agency, which administers the USDA's farm commodity, credit, conservation, disaster and loan programs, for salaries and expenses.  The appropriation is a reduction of $25.8 million or 2 percent below last year and $180 billion or 13 percent below the president’s request.

Agricultural Research Service Salaries and Expenses: The bill would provide $993.3 million for the salaries and expenses of the Agricultural Research Service, which administers programs that facilitate the marketing of U.S. agricultural products, including food, fiber, and specialty crops.  The appropriation is a reduction of $139 million or 12.3 percent below last year and $144 billion or 12.7 percent below the president’s request.

National Institute of Food and Agriculture: The bill would provide $1.02 billion for the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA), a reduction of $195 million or 16 percent below last year and $184 billion or 15.3 percent below the president’s request.  NIFA was established by the Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008 to “be an independent, scientific, policy-setting agency for the food and agricultural sciences, which will reinvigorate our nation's investment in agricultural research, extension, and education.”

Food Safety and Inspection Services:  The bill would provide $972 million for Food Safety and Inspection Services, a reduction of $34.5 million or 3.4 percent below last year and $39.3 million or 3.9 percent below the president’s request.  According to the Appropriations Committee, “This funding level will continue critical meat, poultry, and egg product inspection and testing activities, and supports an expansion of a poultry inspection pilot project that will lead to improving food safety.”

Animal and Plant Health:  The bill would provide $793 million for the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), a reduction of $73.6 million or 8.5 percent below last year and $44 million or 5.3 percent below the president’s request.  According to the Committee on Appropriations, the bill would also allow the agency access to emergency funding should an unexpected agricultural threat emerge over the course of the year.

TITLE II-CONSERVATION PROGRAMS

Conservation Operations:  The bill would provide $770.9 million for the USDA's conservation operations, a reduction of $99.5 million or 11.4 percent below last year and $127.7 million or 14.2 percent below the president’s request.  

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations:  The bill would provide $15 million for Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations, a reduction of $2.9 million or 16.5 percent below FY 2011.

TITLE III-RURAL DEVELOPMENT PROGRAMS

Rental Assistance:  The bill would provide $890 million for the USDA's Rural Rental Assistance Program, a reduction of $63.7 million or 7 percent percent below last year and $16.6 million or 2 percent below the president’s request.  The program provides an additional source of support for households with incomes too low to pay the Housing and Community Facilities Program’s subsidized rent. 

Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants: The bill would provide $22.5 million for Rural Cooperative Assistance Grants, a reduction of $7.6 million or 25 percent below last year and $13.3 million or 37 percent below the president’s request.  According to the USDA, the program is responsible for “establishing and operating centers for cooperative development to improve the economic condition of rural areas by developing new cooperatives and improving operations of existing cooperatives.”

TITLE IV-DOMESTIC FOOD PROGRAMS

WIC:  The bill would provide $6.04 billion for the Special Supplemental Nutrition Program for Women, Infants, and Children (WIC), a reduction of $685 million or 10 percent below last year and $1.3 billion or 18 percent below the president’s request. 

Commodity Assistance Program: The bill would provide $192 million for the Commodity Assistance Program, a reduction of $53.6 million or 22 percent below last year and $57 million or 23 percent below the president’s request. 

TITLE V-FOREIGN ASSISTANCE AND RELATED PROGRAMS

International Food and Child Nutrition Grants:  The bill would provide $180 million for the McGovern-Dole International Food for Education and Child Nutrition Program Grants, a decrease of $19 million or 9.6 percent below last year and $20 million or 10.2 percent below the president's request.

TITLE VI-FDA and RELATED PROGRAMS

FDA:  The bill would provide $2.163 billion for the salaries and expenses of the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), a reduction of $283 million or 11.6 percent below last year and $567 million or 12 percent below the president’s request.  In addition, the appropriation would provide $8 million for FDA buildings and facilities, a reduction of $1.2 million below last year and $4.2 million below the president’s request.  Funding for the FDA includes appropriations for the Center for the Food Safety and Applied Nutrition, the Office of Regulatory Affairs, the Center for Drug Evaluation and Research, the Center for Biologics Evaluation and Research, the Center for Veterinary Medicine, and Center for Toxicological Research. 

SUMMARY TABLE

Total Budget Authority
(In thousands, parenthesis represent spending reductions) 

Program

FY 2011 Enacted

President's Request

H.R. 2112

Change From FY 2011

Change From Request

% Change from 2011

% Change From Request

Title I - Agricultural Programs








Office of the Secretary

5,051

5,883

4,293

(758)

(1,590)

-15.0%

-27.0%

Executive Operations

84,735

121,303

73,593

(11,142)

(47,710)

-13.1%

-39.3%

Asst. Sec. for Civil Rights

893

895

760

(133)

(135)

-14.9%

-15.1%

Office of Civil Rights

22,692

24,922

19,288

(3,404)

(5,634)

-15.0%

-22.6%

Asst. Secretary for Administration

804

820

683

(121)

(137)

-15.0%

-16.7%

Buildings, Facilities and Rental Payment

246,274

255,191

209,595

(36,679)

(45,596)

-14.9%

-17.9%

Hazardous Materials Management

3,992

5,125

3,393

(599)

(1,732)

-15.0%

-33.8%

Asst. Secretary for Congressional Relations

3,869

4,041

3,289

(580)

(752)

-15.0%

-18.6%

Office of Communications

9,480

9,722

8,058

(1,422)

(1,664)

-15.0%

-17.1%

Inspector General

88,548

90,755

80,000

(8,548)

(10,755)

-9.7%

-11.9%

General Counsel

41,416

46,058

35,204

(6,212)

(10,854)

-15.0%

-23.6%

Total Departmental Administration

538,101

636,517

462,389

(75,712)

(174,128)

-14.1%

-27.4%

Under Sec. for Research, Education, & Economics

893

911

760

(133)

(151)

-14.9%

-16.6%

Economic Research Service

81,814

85,971

70,000

(11,814)

(15,971)

-14.4%

-18.6%

National Agricultural Statistics Service

156,447

165,421

149,500

(6,947)

(15,921)

-4.4%

-9.6%

Agricultural Research Service Salaries and Expenses

1,133,230

1,137,690

993,345

(139,885)

(144,345)

-12.3%

-12.7%

National Institute of Food and Agriculture

1,214,798

1,204,769

1,020,000

(194,798)

(184,769)

-16.0%

-15.3%

Under Sec. for Marketing and Regulatory Programs

893

911

760

(133)

(151)

-14.9%

-16.6%

Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service

866,799

837,418

793,200

(73,599)

(44,218)

-8.5%

-5.3%

Agricultural Marketing Service Program

1,213,816

1,239,490

1,219,831

6,015

(19,659)

0.5%

-1.6%

Grain Inspection, Packers and Stockyards Admin Salaries and Expenses

40,261

44,192

37,000

(3,261)

(7,192)

-8.1%

-16.3%

Food Safety and Inspection Service

1,006,503

1,011,393

972,028

(34,475)

(39,365)

-3.4%

-3.9%

Farm Service Agency Salaries and Expenses

1,202,290

1,357,065

1,176,500

(25,790)

(180,565)

-2.1%

-13.3%

Total Farm Assistance Programs

1,757,884

1,916,576

1,629,378

(128,506)

(287,198)

-7.3%

-15.0%

Total Title I Discretionary Budget Authority

6,885,427

7,139,886

6,207,780

(677,647)

(932,106)

-9.8%

-13.1%









Title II - Conservation Programs








Under Secretary for Natural Resources and Environment

893

911

760

(133)

(151)

-14.9%

-16.6%

Conservation Operations

870,503

898,647

770,956

(99,547)

(127,691)

-11.4%

-14.2%

Watershed and Flood Prevention Operations

17,964

-

15,000

(2,964)

15,000

-16.5%

-

Total Title II Discretionary Budget Authority

889,360

899,558

786,716

(102,644)

(112,842)

-11.5%

-12.5%









Title III - Rural Development Programs








Under Secretary for Rural Development

893

911

760

(133)

(151)

-14.9%

-16.6%

Rural Development Salaries and Expenses

191,603

234,301

161,011

(30,592)

(73,290)

-16.0%

-31.3%

Rental Assistance Programs

953,724

906,653

890,000

(63,724)

(16,653)

-6.7%

-1.8%

Multifamily Housing Revitalization Program Account

14,970

-

-

(14,970)

-

-100.0%

0.0%

Rural Housing Voucher Program

13,972

16,000

11,000

(2,972)

(5,000)

-21.3%

-31.3%

Rural Business Program Account Loans and Grants

85,280

89,857

64,500

(20,780)

(25,357)

-24.4%

-28.2%

Rural Development Loan Fund

12,316

17,265

8,500

(3,816)

(8,765)

-31.0%

-50.8%

Rural Cooperative Development Grants

30,193

35,854

22,500

(7,693)

(13,354)

-25.5%

-37.2%

Rural Energy for America Program

4,990

36,788

1,300

(3,690)

(35,488)

-73.9%

-96.5%

Total Title III Discretionary Budget Authority

2,430,776

2,201,834

2,094,071

(336,705)

(107,763)

-13.9%

-4.9%









Title IV - Domestic Food Programs








Office of the Under Secretary for Food and Nutrition

811

828

689

(122)

(139)

-15.0%

-16.8%

WIC

6,734,027

7,390,100

6,048,250

(685,777)

(1,341,850)

-10.2%

-18.2%

Commodity Assistance Program

246,126

249,619

192,500

(53,626)

(57,119)

-21.8%

-22.9%

Nutrition Programs Administration

147,505

170,471

125,000

(22,505)

(45,471)

-15.3%

-26.7%

Total Title IV Discretionary Budget Authority

7,128,324

7,861,518

6,366,439

(761,885)

(1,495,079)

-10.7%

-19.0%









Title V - Foreign Assistance and Related Programs








Foreign Agricultural Service Salaries and Expenses

192,080

236,195

181,465

(10,615)

(54,730)

-5.5%

-23.2%

Food for Peace Title II Grants

1,497,000

1,690,000

1,040,198

(456,802)

(649,802)

-30.5%

-38.4%

McGovern-Dole International Food and Child Nutrition Grants

199,101

200,500

180,000

(19,101)

(1,825,000)

-9.6%

-91.0%

Total Title V Discretionary Budget Authority

1,891,341

2,129,862

1,404,403

(486,938)

(725,459)

-25.7%

-34.1%









Title VI - FDA and Related Agencies








FDA Salaries and Expenses

2,447,021

2,730,910

2,163,451

(283,570)

(567,459)

-11.6%

-20.8%

FDA Buildings and Expenses

9,980

13,055

8,788

(1,192)

(4,267)

-11.9%

-32.7%

Commodity Future Trading Commission

202,270

308,000

171,930

(30,340)

(136,070)

-15.0%

-44.2%

Total Title VI Discretionary Budget Authority

2,659,271

3,051,965

2,344,169

(315,102)

(707,796)

-11.8%

-23.2%









Title VII - General Provisions, Limitations, and Rescissions

(1,664,395)

(935,197)

(1,906,000)

(241,605)

(970,803)

14.5%

103.8%









Total (According to CBO, in millions)

19,922

22,282

17,241

(2,681)

(5,041)

-13.5%

-22.6%

Cost

According to CBO, H.R. 2112 would provide $17.241 billion in discretionary budget authority for programs funded through the Agriculture, Rural Development, Food and Drug Administration, and Related Agencies Appropriations Act of 2012.