H.R. 2105: Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Reform and Modernization Act of 2011

H.R. 2105

Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Reform and Modernization Act of 2011

Date
December 14, 2011 (112th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Tuesday, December 13, 2011, the House is scheduled to consider H.R. 2105 under a suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds majority vote for passage.  The resolution was introduced by Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) on June 3, 2011 and referred to the Committees on Foreign Affairs, Financial Services, Oversight and Government Reform, Ways and Means, Transportation and Infrastructure, and Science, Space, and Technology.  The Committee on Foreign Affairs held a mark-up session on November 2, 2011 and approved the legislation, as amended, by unanimous consent.

Bill Summary

H.R. 2105 would declare that it is U.S. policy to fully implement and enforce sanctions against Iran, North Korea, and Syria for their proliferation activities and policies.

The bill would direct the President to report to Congress identifying any foreign person who:

(1)   made certain transfers to or acquired from Iran, Syria, or North Korea certain listed nuclear, dual use, missile, chemical, biological, toxic, or non-listed but otherwise prohibited goods, services, or technology;

(2)   acquired, mined, or otherwise extracted materials within the territory or control of Iran, North Korea, or Syria for purposes relating to such countries' nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, or missile development programs;

(3)   transferred to Iran, Syria, or North Korea goods, services, or technology that could assist such countries' efforts to extract or mill uranium ore; or

(4)   provided a vessel, insurance, or any other shipping service for transporting goods to or from Iran, North Korea, or Syria for purposes relating to such countries' nuclear, biological, or chemical weapons, or missile development programs.

The bill would also direct the President to apply the following for at least two years against a person so identified:

(1)   arms export prohibitions,

(2)   Executive Order 12938 prohibitions,

(3)   dual use export prohibitions,

(4)   investment prohibitions,

(5)   financing prohibitions, and

(6)   financial assistance prohibitions.

The bill would also prohibit U.S. nuclear cooperation agreements and related export licenses and transfers of materials, services and goods with a country that is assisting the nuclear program of Iran, North Korea, or Syria, or is transferring advanced conventional weapons to such countries.

The bill would prohibit any U.S. government agency from making extraordinary payments in connection with the International Space Station to the Russian Aviation and Space Agency or any other organization of the government of the Russian Federation unless the President has reported to Congress that:

(1)   it is Russian policy to oppose the proliferation to or from Iran, North Korea, and Syria of weapons of mass destruction and missile delivery systems;

(2)   the government of the Russian Federation has demonstrated a commitment to prevent the transfer to or from Iran, North Korea, and Syria of goods, services, and technology that could make a material contribution to Iran's nuclear, biological, chemical weapons, or missile programs; and

(3)   the Russian Aviation and Space Agency has not, during the one-year period ending on the date of such presidential determination, made transfers that are reportable under this Act to or from Iran, North Korea, or Syria.

The bill would direct the Secretary of State to deny a visa to, and the Secretary of Homeland Security (DHS) to exclude from the United States, an alien listed in a report identifying persons involved in specified weapons proliferation activities with Iran.

The bill would also prohibit a vessel from landing at any U.S. port to load or unload freight or engage in the trade of goods or services if the vessel knowingly entered a port in Iran, North Korea, or Syria during the 180-day period ending on the date of the vessel's U.S. arrival.

The bill would also direct the President to apply foreign exchange, banking, property and loan sanctions to any person who provides to or acquires from Iran, North Korea, or Syria goods or technology that is used, or is likely to be used, for military applications.

Lastly, the bill would repeal the Iran, North Korea, and Syria Nonproliferation Act and would state that such repeal shall not affect any existing sanction under such Act.

Background

According to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, H.R. 2105 expands sanctions on those assisting Iran, North Korea, and Syria in the development of their dangerous weapons programs, including their nuclear programs. 

Chairwoman Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL) said, “It is not possible to stop Iran’s nuclear weapons program without targeting its nuclear program as a whole, because there is no safe dividing line between those activities and facilities that are purely peaceful and those which are military-related.”

Cost

There is no CBO cost estimate available for this bill.