H.R. 1896: International Child Support Recovery Improvement Act of 2013

H.R. 1896

International Child Support Recovery Improvement Act of 2013

Date
June 18, 2013 (113th Congress, 1st Session)

Staff Contact
Communications

Floor Situation

On Tuesday, June 18, 2013, the House will consider H.R. 1896, the International Child Support Recovery Improvement Act of 2013,under a suspension of the rules. The bill was introduced on May 8, 2013 by Rep. Dave Reichert (R-WA) and referred to the Committee on Ways & Means.

Bill Summary

H.R. 1896 serves as the implementing legislation for the Hague Convention on International Recovery of Child Support and Other Forms of Family Maintenance, which provides for enforcement of international cases of child support.  Specifically, H.R. 1896 gives the United States the ability to recognize child support orders from participating countries and extends provisions of the domestic child support enforcement system to international cases.  The bill also ensures that the Federal tax refund offset process is made available to States collecting past-due orders from other nations.  The bill requires States to implement legislative changes prescribed in the 2008 Uniform Interstate Family Support Act so that their laws are consistent with the treaty.

H.R. 1896 establishes standards for data exchange and reporting related to child support similar to standards already applied in child welfare, TANF, and UI programs. 

Lastly, Section 4 allows federally sponsored researchers to access the National Directory of New Hires in order to study the effectiveness of Federal programs.  The bill also extends the length of time data must be kept in the database from 24 to 48 months.

Background

In the United States, U.S. Child Support Enforcement (CSE) System is a federal-state program that provides mechanisms for enforcing domestic interstate child support cases.  In regards to international cases, while United States courts generally enforce foreign child support orders, many countries do not reciprocate in the absence of formal treaty obligations.[1]  This means that U.S. residents may not be able to enforce child support obligations if the other parent lives abroad.  Implementing the treaty strengthens international enforcement of U.S. child support orders, ensuring that U.S. children will receive the support they are owed regardless of whether a parent lives in the U.S. or not.

Similar legislation (H.R. 4282) passed the House in the 112th Congress on June 5, 2012 by voice vote.


[1] See Senate Executive Report 111-2.

Cost

There is no CBO score currently available.