Committee on Foreign Affairs

Ed Royce

Subcommittee Hearing: Is Academic Freedom Threatened by China's Influence on U.S. Universities?

2014/12/04

Chairman Smith on the hearing: “The Chinese educational market is a lucrative one, but we have to ask if there are any hidden costs for American schools and colleges seeking access to that market.  By rushing to build campuses in China and signing agreements to have Chinese government entities on American campuses, are universities and schools accepting restrictions on foundational principles of American higher education?   The American university model is the world’s best and they should be ambassadors for freedom and democracy globally.  They should also be islands of freedom where foreign students can enjoy the fundamental freedoms denied them in their own country.   Our witnesses will provide information on the growing presence of American universities in China and the presence of Chinese government educational entities on American campuses through ‘Confucius Institutes.’  They will also detail some of the costs and benefits of such educational partnerships and offer recommendations on how such partnerships can protect academic freedom and the fundamental human rights of faculty and students.”

WITNESSES:

Perry Link, Ph.D. Chancellorial Chair for Innovative Teaching University of California, Riverside

Thomas Cushman, Ph.D. Deffenbaugh de Hoyos Carlson Chair in the Social Sciences Wellesley College

Xia Yeliang, Ph.D. Visiting Fellow Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity Cato Institute

 

***Any changes to witness list will be reflected above.

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Subcommittee Hearing: Hong Kong: A Broken Promise?

2014/12/02

WITNESSES:

Mr. Dean Cheng Senior Research Fellow Asian Studies Center The Davis Institute for National Security and Foreign Policy The Heritage Foundation                                     Sophie Richardson, Ph.D. China Director Human Rights Watch

Ms. Kelley Currie Senior Fellow Project 2049 Institute

 

***Any changes to witness list will be reflected above.  

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Joint Subcommittee Hearing: ISIS and the Threat from Foreign Fighters

2014/12/02

WITNESSES:

The Honorable Robert Bradtke Senior Advisor for Partner Engagement on Syria Foreign Fighters U.S. Department of State

Mr. Tom Warrick Deputy Assistant Secretary for Counterterrorism Policy U.S. Department of Homeland Security

 

***Any changes to witness list will be reflected above.

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A Look Ahead — Week of December 1-5

2014/11/26

Washington, D.C. – Today, U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, announced the following upcoming Committee events:

Tuesday, December 2

Joint Subcommittee Hearing: ISIS and the Threat from Foreign Fighters

10:00 a.m. on Tuesday, December 2 in 2172 Rayburn House Office Building

Subcommittee on Terrorism, Nonproliferation, and Trade

Rep. Ted Poe (R-TX), Chairman

Subcommittee on the Middle East and North Africa

Rep. Ileana Ros-Lehtinen (R-FL), Chairman

Invited Witnesses Include:

The Honorable Robert Bradtke Senior Advisor for Partner Engagement on Syria Foreign Fighters U.S. Department of State

Mr. Tom Warrick Deputy Assistant Secretary for Counterterrorism Policy U.S. Department of Homeland Security

Chairman Poe on the hearing: “More foreign fighters have gone to fight with radical Islamists like ISIS in Iraq and Syria in the last 2 years than we saw in the first 10 years of fighting in Iraq or Afghanistan. Dozens are Americans and many more hold passports that do not require a visa to get into the United States. This hearing will examine the danger of these foreign fighters and assess the Administration's efforts to date at countering this threat.”

Chairman Ros-Lehtinen on the hearing: "Foreign fighters are joining ISIL by the tens of thousands, some of whom are Westerners, including Americans. These individuals represent an unprecedented threat to U.S. national security and it should not be taken lightly. Foreign fighters are further destabilizing an already fragile Middle East and are using Syria or Iraq as a training ground in order to commit terrorist attacks in their homeland or against U.S. interests. The administration has shown it still lacks a coherent and comprehensive strategy to combat ISIL and this hearing will examine what more needs to be done to address the foreign fighter threat inside and outside our borders and assess what is being done to stop their recruitment into Syria and Iraq."

 

Tuesday, December 2

Subcommittee Hearing: Hong Kong: A Broken Promise?

2:00 p.m. on Tuesday, December 2 in 2172 Rayburn House Office Building

Subcommittee on Asia and the Pacific

Rep. Steve Chabot (R-OH), Chairman

Invited Witnesses Include:

Mr. Dean Cheng Senior Research Fellow Asian Studies Center The Davis Institute for National Security and Foreign Policy The Heritage Foundation

Sophie Richardson, Ph.D. China Director Human Rights Watch

Ms. Kelley Currie Senior Fellow Project 2049 Institute

Chairman Chabot on the hearing: “Beijing’s suppression of electoral reforms in Hong Kong has prompted ongoing pro-democracy and anti-Beijing demonstrations, while raising serious questions about the fate of democracy in the city. By forestalling its promise to allow for free and fair elections of the Chief Executive, China is constraining Hong Kong’s autonomy and undermining its democratic freedoms. Making matters worse, despite long-time U.S. policy, the Obama Administration’s response has been tepid at best, signaling to Beijing that the U.S. only half-heartedly supports the fundamental principle of democratization in Hong Kong, which has broader implications for the region. This hearing will examine the impact of China’s actions for U.S.-Hong Kong policy, the future of democracy in Hong Kong, and how the Administration can better support democratic reform efforts.”

 

Thursday, December 4

Subcommittee Hearing: Is Academic Freedom Threatened by China's Influence on U.S. Universities?

1:00 p.m. on Thursday, December 4 in 2172 Rayburn House Office Building

Subcommittee on Africa, Global Health, Global Human Rights, and International Organizations

Rep. Christopher Smith (R-NJ), Chairman

Invited Witnesses Include:

Perry Link, Ph.D. Chancellorial Chair for Innovative Teaching University of California, Riverside

Thomas Cushman, Ph.D. Deffenbaugh de Hoyos Carlson Chair in the Social Sciences Wellesley College

Xia Yeliang, Ph.D. Visiting Fellow Center for Global Liberty and Prosperity Cato Institute

Chairman Smith on the hearing: “The Chinese educational market is a lucrative one, but we have to ask if there are any hidden costs for American schools and colleges seeking access to that market.  By rushing to build campuses in China and signing agreements to have Chinese government entities on American campuses, are universities and schools accepting restrictions on foundational principles of American higher education?   The American university model is the world’s best and they should be ambassadors for freedom and democracy globally.  They should also be islands of freedom where foreign students can enjoy the fundamental freedoms denied them in their own country.   Our witnesses will provide information on the growing presence of American universities in China and the presence of Chinese government educational entities on American campuses through ‘Confucius Institutes.’  They will also detail some of the costs and benefits of such educational partnerships and offer recommendations on how such partnerships can protect academic freedom and the fundamental human rights of faculty and students.”

 

***See www.foreignaffairs.house.gov for updates.

***Coverage note: All Foreign Affairs Committee proceedings are webcast live at www.foreignaffairs.house.gov/live-video-feed.

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Chairman Royce Statement on Extension of Iran Nuclear Negotiations

2014/11/24

#NoNuclearIran

Washington, D.C. – House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA) issued the following statement following an announcement of an extension of negotiations surrounding Iran’s nuclear program for an additional seven months. International negotiations on Iran’s nuclear program have been taking place for the past decade, and have been particularly intense over the past year.

Chairman Royce said:  “Better an extension than a bad agreement that at one point looked like it might be coming.  But if Iran hasn’t been able to make difficult choices over the past year, there is little reason to think that the Supreme Leader will see it differently over the next few months.

“One thing that could change Tehran’s resistance to agreeing to a meaningful and effective agreement to keep it from developing a nuclear weapon is more economic pressure.  Since the beginning of these negotiations, the Administration aggressively opposed Congressional attempts to give our negotiators more leverage with added sanctions, to go into force should negotiations fail.  We’ll never know if that prospect would have made a difference over the past 12 months.  But we do know that talks haven’t succeeded without more pressure.

“This seven month extension should be used to tighten the economic vice on Tehran – already suffering from falling energy prices - to force the concessions that Iran has been resisting.  “Seven months of more talks tells me that the negotiators aren’t close to agreement.  Unfortunately, time is on Tehran’s side as it continues its research and development of centrifuges.  “Congress now must hear from Administration officials as why this extension is justified.”  Note:  Last week, Chairman Royce and Ranking Member Engel, the authors of the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act (H.R. 850), issued a joint statement, which read, in part, “We are greatly concerned by reports that Iran is seeking to keep – and not dismantle – much of its nuclear infrastructure.  Conceding enrichment to Iran is a fundamental and risky departure from decades of U.S. non-proliferation policy.  Concerning also is Iran’s continued stonewalling of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the key verification agency, about its past bomb work.  How can we have any confidence that Iran will be transparent in the future if it won’t be transparent about its past?”

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Chairman Royce Statement on President’s Planned Travel to India

2014/11/21

Washington, D.C. – Today, U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, issued the following statement on President Obama’s announcement that he will travel to India in January:

“Today’s announcement that President Obama has accepted an invitation to attend Indian Republic Day as the Chief Guest is a very welcome development.  The importance of U.S.-India relations cannot be overstated.  Frankly, this has been a relationship that unfortunately has struggled to find its footing in the last several years.  The President’s visit could be another important step in getting this relationship back on track, following Prime Minister Modi’s very successful trip to the U.S., which I had the honor of being a part of, including welcoming the Prime Minister to Congress.

“During his trip, President Obama will have the opportunity to help push U.S.-India trade relations, which are far below their potential.  Some progress has been made recently, but the President needs to push for full implementation of the World Trade Organization’s Trade Facilitation Agreement, which would increase market access and lower transaction costs for U.S. and foreign companies in India.  The U.S. should be encouraging Indian investment in the U.S.  Progress also needs to be made on implementing the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement.  Given India’s significant energy needs, we need to overcome the impasse that has stalled this agreement.  Too much has been invested in this critical energy area to let it languish.

“Given the significant threat India and the U.S. face from radicalism, the President’s visit should have a strong counterterrorism component, as well.  President Obama should push for more high-level visits by each country’s various intelligence and security agencies.  Our cooperation is strong, but there remains a need for greater engagement.”

Note:  Chairman Royce, a three time co-chair of the Congressional Caucus on India and Indian Americans, met multiple times with Prime Minister Modi when he visited the United States in September.  Royce attended a U.S. Government-only meeting with Modi at Madison Square Garden, where he discussed U.S.-India economic and security ties.  Chairman Royce was instrumental in the passage of the U.S.-India Civil Nuclear Agreement of 2006, managing the bill on the House Floor.  He has also been a strong proponent for enhancing U.S.-India security ties, and has long spoken out against the threat of radical extremism originating from Pakistani Deobandi schools.  Prior to that, Royce helped lead the effort to remove sanctions against India in 2001, and also joined then-President Clinton’s 2000 trip.

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Chairman Royce, Ranking Member Engel Statement on Iran Nuclear Negotiations

2014/11/20

Washington, D.C. – House Foreign Affairs Committee Chairman Ed Royce (R-CA) and Ranking Member Eliot Engel (D-NY) issued the following statement as negotiators attempt to reach a final agreement on Iran’s nuclear program by November 24th.  This week’s talks in Vienna will attempt to finalize the agreement that was outlined by the interim “joint plan of action” signed a year ago.

“As negotiations over Iran’s nuclear program move toward a possible conclusion, we continue to urge U.S. negotiators to take into account testimony given at a dozen hearings before the House Foreign Affairs Committee this Congress.   Among the challenges negotiators face: contending with the thousands of centrifuges (the key bomb-making technology) that Iran is seeking to maintain intact; establishing an effective verification regime; and understanding and addressing the ‘possible military dimensions’ of Iran’s nuclear program.  We are greatly concerned by reports that Iran is seeking to keep – and not dismantle – much of its nuclear infrastructure.  Conceding enrichment to Iran is a fundamental and risky departure from decades of U.S. non-proliferation policy.  Concerning also is Iran’s continued stonewalling of the International Atomic Energy Agency, the key verification agency, about its past bomb work.  How can we have any confidence that Iran will be transparent in the future if it won’t be transparent about its past?

“We believe that any final agreement between the P5+1 and Iran must foreclose any pathway for Iran to develop a nuclear weapons capability.  It must include an effective, intrusive, and long-term verification mechanism that would give us ample warning of any attempt by Iran to break out.  It must also require Iran to come clean on its past work to develop a bomb.

“There is also the concerning fact that any limits placed on Iran’s nuclear program as part of the ‘comprehensive solution’ now being negotiated will expire.  In this respect, the ‘final’ agreement is just another interim step, with the real final step being one in which Iran is treated as ‘any other’ non-nuclear weapon state under the Non-Proliferation Treaty, opening it to pursue industrial scale enrichment.  Of course, Iran – with a deep history of deception, covert procurement, and construction of clandestine facilities - is not ‘any other’ country, to be conceded a sophisticated nuclear program.  This end state is all the more disconcerting, as the regime in Tehran continues to sow destruction in the region and brutalize Iranians seeking democracy and human rights.  Any meaningful agreement must last far into the future.

“Oversight of these issues has been a top Committee priority.  Few other issues are of such grave importance to our nation’s security.  We will continue working to evaluate the outcome of these negotiations to determine if they are in the long-term national security interests of the United States and our allies -- and act accordingly.”

Note:  Chairman Royce and Ranking Member Engel are co-authors of H.R. 850, the Nuclear Iran Prevention Act, which passed the House 400-20 in July 31, 2013.

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Foreign Affairs Committee Passes Eight Measures

2014/11/20

Washington, D.C. – Today, the House Foreign Affairs Committee, chaired by U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), unanimously passed eight foreign affairs measures, including a resolution condemning Russia’s aggression against its neighbors and legislation to improve the Rewards for Justice program, and to combat Ebola in West Africa. 

The Committee passed H. Res. 758 (introduced by Rep. Adam Kinzinger (R-IL)), as amended, strongly condemning Russia’s continuing political, military, and economic aggression against Ukraine, as well as Georgia and Moldova. 

Upon passage, Chairman Royce said:  “This Committee has again condemned the various aggressions of Vladimir Putin against his neighbors, including Ukraine, Georgia, and Moldova.  Unfortunately, the sanctions imposed on Moscow by the Obama Administration and others have not yet convinced Putin to reverse course and end his aggression against Ukraine.  We need more pressure.”

Also, the Committee passed H.R. 5685, the Rewards for Justice Congressional Notification Act (introduced by Rep. Michael McCaul (R-TX)), requiring the State Department to notify Congress within 15 days after a reward is authorized under the Rewards for Justice Program.

Upon passage, Chairman Royce said:  “This important legislation will ensure that Congress is kept fully informed of developments in the State Department’s Rewards for Justice program, which offers rewards for information leading to the apprehension of terror suspects.  I had successful legislation last Congress to expand this program, and the legislation the Committee passed today adds critical oversight to this important program.”

Also, the Committee passed H.R. 5710, the Ebola Emergency Response Act (introduced by Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ)), as amended, authorizing emergency assistance for countries affected by or at risk of being affected by Ebola.

Upon passage, Chairman Royce said:  “Though there are signs of progress in Liberia, the Ebola epidemic continues to spread throughout West Africa, leaving a trail of human and economic destruction in its wake.  It is clearly in the interests of the United States to support a coordinated international effort, to contain the outbreak at its source.  This legislation provides a framework for that response as we work to combat and contain Ebola in West Africa.”    

Additionally, the Committee passed: 

H.R. 5241, the Crimea Annexation Non-Recognition Act (introduced by Rep. Gerald Connolly (D-VA)) to prohibit United States Government recognition of Russia's annexation of Crimea;

H.R. 2901, Water for the World Act (introduced by Rep. Earl Blumenauer (D-OR)), as amended, to strengthen implementation of the Senator Paul Simon Water for the Poor Act of 2005 by improving the capacity of the United States Government to implement, leverage, and monitor and evaluate programs to provide first-time or improved access to safe drinking water, sanitation, and hygiene to the world's poorest on an equitable and sustainable basis;

H.R. 5656, the Global Food Security Act (introduced by Rep. Chris Smith (R-NJ)), as amended, to authorize the Feed the Future Initiative to reduce global poverty and hunger in developing countries on a sustainable basis; 

H.Res. 714 (introduced by Congressman Eni F.H. Faleomavaega (D-AS)), as amended, reaffirming the need for peaceful and collaborative resolution of maritime and jurisdictional disputes in the South China Sea and the East China Sea as provided for by universally recognized principles of international law, and reaffirming the strong support of the United States Government for freedom of navigation and other internationally lawful uses of sea and airspace in the Asia-Pacific region;

H.R. 5206 (introduced by Rep. Alan Grayson (D-FL)), as amended, to allow Foreign Service and other executive agency employees to designate beneficiaries of their death benefits. 

A summary of the Committee action, including adopted amendments, will be available HERE.

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Chairman Royce Introduces Legislation to Arm the Kurds

2014/11/20

“Our Critical Partner in the Fight Against ISIL is Outgunned”

Washington, D.C. – U.S. Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA), Chairman of the House Foreign Affairs Committee, has introduced H.R. 5747, legislation to provide arms directly to the Kurdistan Regional Government.  The legislation provides temporary authority for President Obama to provide weapons directly to Kurdish “Peshmerga” forces fighting ISIL on the ground.

The Obama Administration has not provided Iraqi Kurds with the heavy weapons and armored vehicles that they need to effectively fight ISIL.  The U.S. has provided limited “resupply” of light weapons to Iraqi Kurds, but only after Baghdad signs off on every shipment, which has delayed critical supplies as ISIL advances.

Chairman Royce said: “Our critical partner in the fight against ISIL is badly outgunned.  Despite being armed mainly with antiquated weapons, the Iraqi Kurdish ‘Peshmerga’ forces have proven to be the most effective ground force currently fighting ISIL.  For months, I have urged the Administration to urgently arm the Kurds.  So too have many others in Congress.  This important legislation will finally allow the 190,000-strong force to get the firepower it needs to effectively fight this brutal terrorist organization.”

This legislation:

·         makes it the policy of the United States to provide direct assistance to the Kurdistan Regional Government to combat ISIL;

·         identifies Iraqi Kurds as a reliable and stable partner of the United States;

·         recognizes that the Peshmerga are the official security force of the Kurdistan Regional Government, organized in accordance with the Iraqi Constitution;

·         finds that defeating ISIL is critical to maintaining an inclusive, unified Iraq;

·         emphasizes that ISIL is a significant terrorist threat which may employ more than 4,000 captured heavy weapons, 1,500 armored vehicles, and 50 long-range artillery pieces;

·         maintains existing Congressional oversight of significant arms transfers;

·         sunsets after three years, in recognition of the emergency nature of this authority.

Note: On September 18, 2014, Secretary of State John Kerry testified to the House Committee on Foreign Affairs about the provision of direct military assistance to the Kurds, noting: “We have to send it to the government [in Baghdad] because that’s the U.S. law.  If you want to change it, fix it, we invite you…”

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Subcommittee Hearing: Examining What a Nuclear Iran Deal Means for Global Security

2014/11/20

View Archive Hearing Video:

OPENING WITNESSES:

Chairman Ros-Lehtinen's Opening Statement:

WITNESSES:

Chairman Ros-Lehtinen Questions Witnesses:

General Michael Hayden, USAF, Retired Principal The Chertoff Group (Former Director of the Central Intelligence Agency)[full text of statement][truth in testimony form]

Mr. Mark Dubowitz Executive Director Foundation for Defense of Democracies[full text of statement][truth in testimony form]

Mr. Karim Sadjadpour Senior Associate Middle East Program Carnegie Endowment for International Peace[full text of statement][truth in testimony form]

 

***Any changes to witness list will be reflected above.

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Membership

Mo Brooks

ALABAMA's 5th DISTRICT

Steve Chabot

OHIO's 1st DISTRICT

Doug Collins

GEORGIA's 9th DISTRICT

Paul Cook

CALIFORNIA's 8th DISTRICT

Tom Cotton

ARKANSAS' 4th DISTRICT

Ron DeSantis

FLORIDA's 6th DISTRICT

Jeff Duncan

SOUTH CAROLINA's 3rd DISTRICT

George Holding

NORTH CAROLINA's 13th DISTRICT

Adam Kinzinger

ILLINOIS' 16th DISTRICT

Tom Marino

PENNSYLVANIA's 10th DISTRICT

Michael McCaul

TEXAS' 10th DISTRICT

Mark Meadows

NORTH CAROLINA's 11th DISTRICT

Luke Messer

INDIANA's 6th DISTRICT

Scott Perry

PENNSYLVANIA's 4th DISTRICT

Ted Poe

TEXAS' 2nd DISTRICT

Dana Rohrabacher

CALIFORNIA's 48th DISTRICT

Ileana Ros-Lehtinen

FLORIDA's 27th DISTRICT

Ed Royce

CALIFORNIA's 39th DISTRICT

Matt Salmon

ARIZONA's 5th DISTRICT

Christopher Smith

NEW JERSEY's 4th DISTRICT

Steve Stockman

TEXAS' 36th DISTRICT

Randy Weber

TEXAS' 14th DISTRICT

Joe Wilson

SOUTH CAROLINA's 2nd DISTRICT

Ted Yoho

FLORIDA's 3rd DISTRICT