H.Res. 754, Condemning the Government of Iran for its gross human rights violations

H.Res. 754

Condemning the Government of Iran for its gross human rights violations

Sponsor
Rep. Ed Royce

Date
November 19, 2014 (113th Congress, 2nd Session)

Staff Contact
Emily Leviner

Floor Situation

On Wednesday, November 19, 2014, the House will consider H.Res. 754, a resolution Condemning the Government of Iran for its gross human rights violations, under suspension of the rules.  H.Res. 754 was introduced by Rep. Ed Royce (R-CA) on November 14, 2014 and was referred to the House Foreign Affairs Committee.

Bill Summary

H.Res. 754 condemns the Government of Iran for its gross human rights violations.  Specifically, the resolution 1) calls on Iran to comply with its international and domestic obligations on human rights and civil liberties; 2) deplores the spike in executions that have occurred since President Rouhani’s election in 2013; 3) condemns the recent execution of Reyhaneh Jabbari, an Iranian women who killed a man in self-defense during a sexual assault; 4) deplores Iran’s mistreatment of religious minorities; 5) condemns the government, in particular, for its persecution of adherents to the Baha’I faith; 6) urges Iran to release all political prisoners and prisoners of conscience; 7) notes that since May of 2013, the Administration has designated only one Iranian for the commission of serious human rights abuses under the Comprehensive Iran Sanctions, Accountability, and Divestment Act; 8) urges the President to more frequently utilize available authorities to sanction Iranian officials and others responsible for serious human rights abuses; 9) urges the U.S. to adopt and implement certain recommendations made by the U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom regarding Iran; 10) condemns Iran’s undemocratic elections process; and 11) stands with the Iranian people who wish to freely elect a government of their choosing.

Background

Although Iran is a member of the UN and a signatory to the University Declaration of Human Rights and the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, as well as other international human rights treaties, officials continue to violate the fundamental human rights of the Iranian people.[1]  In particular, Iranian women are increasingly targets of acid attacks by vigilante groups, which the government either approves or sponsors.[2]  Domestic legislation enacted in Iran provides legal cover for private individuals to enforce the dress code and other behaviors required under Sharia law, further empowering such vigilante groups.[3]  According to the State Department, Iran manipulates the electoral process and continues to suppress peaceful dissent, as seen during the Green Revolution in 2009.[4]  Iran persists in restricting freedom of assembly and severely limiting freedom of expression and access to information.[5]  Iran continues to execute individuals convicted of crimes that fall below the international human rights threshold for such punishment.[6]  The State Department has designated Iran as a “country of particular concern” for its severe violations of religious freedom, and has especially targeted adherents of the Baha’I faith.[7]  Iranian officials are responsible for gross human rights violations, which are commonly part of Iran’s domestic policies.

__________
[1] H.Res. 754
[2] Id.
[3] Id.
[4] Id.
[5] Id.
[6] Id.
[7] Id.

Cost

A CBO cost estimate is not available at this time.

Additional Information

For questions or further information contact the GOP Conference at 5-5107.