|Date||February 28, 2013 (113th Congress, 1st Session)|
|Staff Contact||Kimberly Betz|
On Wednesday, February 27, 2013, the House will begin consideration of S. 47, the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act, under a structured rule. S. 47 passed the Senate on February 12, 2013 by vote of 78-22. A House amendment was posted on February 22, 2013 and will be offered to replace the underlying text of S. 47.
The House substitute reauthorizes formula and discretionary grant programs implemented by the Department of Justice and the Department of Health and Human Services for an additional five years at $660 million a year. In addition, the substitute consolidates certain grant programs to streamline the administrative process. In addition, the House substitute does the following:
For the text of the amendment, and a detailed section-by-section, please click here.
The Violence Against Women’s Act (VAWA) was first authorized in 1994 as title IV of the Violent Crime Control and Law Enforcement Act. The Act was enacted in response to the growing concern of violent crime, particularly against women during the 1980s and early 1990s, and is a coordinated effort by law enforcement, judicial personnel, the public and private sector to meet the needs of victims of domestic and sexual violence. The Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) coordinates the effort at the federal level. Since its creation in 1995, a total of $4.7 billion has been awarded in grants and cooperative agreements by OVW. In 2011 alone, OVW issued 832 grants totaling $453 million.
VAWA has been reauthorized on two separate occasions – 2000 and 2005. VAWA’s last reauthorization expired at the end of FY2011. Despite its expiration, the programs continue to be funded. In FY 2012, a total of $599.8 million was appropriated for both the Departments of Justice and Health and Human Services. (The Department of Justice received $412 million and the Department of Health and Human Services received $187.3 million). In the 112th Congress, both the House and Senate passed separate reauthorization bills. The House passed H.R. 4970, the Violence Against Women Reauthorization Act 2012, by a vote of 222-205 (See Roll Call#258). The Senate passed S. 1925 the Violence Against Women Reauthorization of 2012, by a vote 68-31. (See Roll Call #87).
CBO has issued a total estimated authorization of $3.28 billion and a total estimated outlay of $2.21 billion over five years.