|Sponsor||Rep. Shimkus, John|
|Date||July 7, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)|
|Staff Contact||Adam Hepburn|
H.Res. 285 is being considered under suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds vote for passage. The legislation was introduced by Rep. John Shimkus (R-IL) on March 24, 2009.
H.Res. 285 resolves that the House of Representatives:
• "Congratulates the people of the Republic of Lithuania on the occasion of the 1000th anniversary of Lithuania;
• "Commends the Government of Lithuania for its success in implementing political and economic reforms, for establishing political, religious and economic freedoms, and for its commitment to human rights; and
• "Recognizes the close and enduring relationship between the United States Government and the Government of Lithuania."
On February 16, 1918, the Act of Independence of Lithuania led to the establishment of Lithuania as a sovereign and democratic state, according to the resolution's findings. In 1940, Latvia, Estonia and Lithuania were forcibly incorporated into the Soviet Union in violation of pre-existing peace treaties. On March 11, 1990, the Republic of Lithuania was restored, and Lithuania became the first Soviet republic to declare independence. Lithuania has developed into a democratic country, with a free market economy and is a member of the United Nations, the Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, the European Union, and the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO).