|Sponsor||Rep. Lungren, Daniel E.|
|Date||December 2, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)|
|Staff Contact||Adam Hepburn|
The House is scheduled to consider H.R. 3963 under suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds majority vote for passage. H.R. 3963 was introduced on October 29, 2009, by Rep. Dan Lungren (R-CA). The Committee on Homeland Security approved the bill by voice vote on November 17, 2009.
H.R. 3963 would require Federal Air Marshals hired 30 days after enactment to complete a criminal training investigative program at the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center. The bill authorizes $3 million in each of the Fiscal Years 2010 and 2011 for the program. The criminal investigative training program will provide the Federal Air Marshal Service with law enforcement interview and interrogation techniques as well as behavioral assessment techniques.
A Federal Air Marshal who has previously completed the program would not be required to repeat it. H.R. 3963 requires that within three years of enactment, a marshal hired before enactment who had not completed training must participate in an alternative training program as determined by the Federal Law Enforcement Training Center.
H.R. 3963 states that nothing in the measure should be construed to reclassify federal air marshals as criminal investigators.
Following the September 11, 2001, terrorist attacks, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act provided for the deployment of Federal Air Marshals on passenger flights in the U.S., giving priority to those that were deemed high-risk or were nonstop long-distance flights similar to those that were targeted. The Fiscal Year 2010 Homeland Security Appropriations Act provided $860 million for Federal Air Marshals, a $41 million increase over the previous year's funding.
The Federal Air Marshal Service is part of the Transportation Security Administration (TSA) and seeks to promote confidence in the U.S. civil aviation system through the deployment of Federal Air Marshals (FAMs) to detect, deter, and defeat hostile acts targeting U.S. air carriers, airports, passengers, and crews. Federal Air Marshals operate independently without backup. They blend in with passengers and rely on training, including investigative techniques, criminal terrorist behavior recognition, firearms proficiency, aircraft specific tactics, and close quarters self-defense measures to protect the flying public.
There is no Congressional Budget Office (CBO) cost estimate yet available for this bill, but H.R. 3963 authorizes the appropriation of $3 million in both Fiscal Year 2010 and 2011.