|Sponsor||Rep. Lowey, Nita M.|
|Date||July 10, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)|
|Staff Contact||Andy Koenig|
The House is scheduled to begin consideration of H.R. 3081, the Department of State, Foreign Operations Appropriations bill, on Thursday, July 10, 2009, under a structured rule making eight amendments in order.
Department of State, Foreign Ops, and Related Programs Spending in Millions
H.R. 3081 vs. FY 2009
H.R. 3081 vs. Request
H.R. 3081 contains a total of $48.8 billion in discretionary spending, an increase of $12.2 billion or 33 percent above the discretionary spending level for FY 2009. H.R. 3081 receives the highest increase in funding by percentage of any appropriations bill.
In addition to this large increase, agencies funded through the bill also received $4.2 billion in supplemental appropriations from the "stimulus" bill and $14.7 billion from the Supplemental War Funding bill. Including emergency spending, agencies that are funded through this appropriation bill received $55 billion in FY 2009. In spite of these massive supplemental spending increases and record deficits, H.R. 3081 would still increase discretionary spending by 33 percent over the amount appropriated last year.
The spending increases in H.R. 3081 would contribute to an overall total FY 2010 discretionary spending level of $1.09 trillion or 7.6 percent over FY 2009. From FY 2007 to FY 2009 non-defense spending has increased 85 percent.
H.R. 3081 would provide funding for a number of agencies, including the Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration, the Farm Services Agency, the Commodity Assistance Program, WIC, and the Rural Rental Assistance Program. The following is a summary of the spending highlights and other provisions in the bill.
TITLE I-Department of State and related agencies
The bill provides $26.2 billion in discretionary funding for the State Department, an increase of $5.7 billion above FY 2009. Funding for the Department of State includes the civilian stabilization initiative, educational and cultural exchange programs, embassy protection and security, overseas peacekeeping, contributions to international organizations (such as the United Nations), international commissions, and broadcasting activities.
Diplomatic and Consular Programs: Provides $8.2 billion for Diplomatic and Consular Program, which is an increase of $2.8 billion or 53% over FY 2009.
Iraq Operations: Provides $1.1 billion for diplomatic operations in Iraq. The funding is in addition to $366 million for diplomatic operations made available in the FY 2009 Supplemental Appropriations.
Contributions to Overseas Peacekeeping: Provides $2.1 billion for State Department overseas peacekeeping contributions, an increase of $608 million or 40 percent over FY 2009.
Contributions to International Organizations: Provides $1.6 billion in contributions to international organizations, which is an increase of $167 million or 11 percent over FY 2009. International organizations funded include: the United Nations (UN), the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA), the Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD), the World Trade Organization (WTO), and the World Health Organization (WHO).
Operating Expenses: Provides $1.6 billion for US Agency for International Development's (USAID) operating expenses, which is an increase of $580 million or 71 percent over FY 2009. The increase in funding would be used, in part, to support the hiring of at least an additional 300 new Foreign Service Officers.
Overseas capital space expansion: Provides $245 million to, according to the Committee Report, allow USAID "to create an additional 900 desks over the next four years."
TITLE III-Bilateral economic assistance
global Health and Child Survival: Provides a total of $7.784 billion for global health and child survival, which is an increase of $670 million or 9 percent over FY 2009. The funding provides international support for Child Survival and Maternal Health, Polio, Malaria, Tuberculosis, Avian Influenza and pandemic preparedness, and blind children.
HIV/AIDS: Provides $5.2 billion for global HIV and AIDS from the Global Health and Child Survival funding, which is an increase of $200 million over FY 2009.
Family Planning: Provides the largest increase ever in funding for international family planning, and reproductive health, programs. The bill provides a total of $7.784 billion for global health programs, including $648 million for family planning and reproductive health, $100 million above the President's request, including $60 million for the UN Population Fund (UNFPA). This represents a 19 percent increase over the FY 2009 allotment of $545 million, and a 40 percent increase in funding over the past two years.
Development Assistance: Provides $2.4 billion for Development Assistance, which is an increase of $630 million or 35 percent above FY 2009. The funding provides international financial support for development including food security and agricultural development, education, and climate change. Funding for development assistance includes $180 million for clean energy and $10 million for the Solar Energy Microfinance Initiative.
Economic Support Fund: Provides $6.4 billion for the Economic Support Fund, which is $3.3 billion or 111 percent above FY 2009. The fund provides $2.1 billion for Afghanistan and $1 billion for Pakistan. The Economic Support Fund received approximately $4 billion in emergency funding in FY 2009.
Millennium Challenge Corporation: Provides $1.4 billion for the Millennium Challenge Corporation, an increase of $525 million or 60 percent over FY 2009.
Peace Corps: Provides $450 million for the Peace Corps, an increase of $111 million or 33 percent over FY 2009.
TITLE IV-International Security Assistance
Peacekeeping Operations: Provides $331 million for Peacekeeping Operations (PKO), an increase of $81 million or 32 percent over FY 2009. PKO funds U.S. assistance to international efforts to monitor and maintain the peace in areas of special concern.
Foreign Military Financing Program: Provides $4.2 billion for the Foreign Military Financing Program (FMF), a decrease of $373 million or 8.1 percent over FY 2009. Funding for the FMF includes $1 billion for Egypt, $2.2 billion for Israel, $268 million for Pakistan, and $60 million for Columbia.
TITLE V-Multilateral ASSISTANCE
International Development Association: Provides $1.23 billion for the International Development Association, an increase of $120 million or 10 percent above FY 2009.
Contribution to the Clean Technology Fund: Provides $225 million for contributions to the international Clean Technology Fund, which was not funded in FY 2009.
Contribution to the Strategic Climate Fund: Provides $75 million for contributions to the Strategic Climate Fund, which was not funded in FY 2009.
OTHER PROVISIONS OF NOTE
Guantanamo Bay: Prohibits the use of funds in this or any other Act for any country that concludes an agreement to receive Guantanamo detainees unless the Committee on Appropriations is notified of the terms of such an agreement in advance.
IMF: Includes provisions to regarding increased U.S. contributions to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), which were authorized in the Supplemental War Funding bill. Specifically, the provisions:
Pro-Life Riders: Retains all traditional pro-life riders. However, it should be noted that since President Obama repealed the "Mexico City Policy," the executive order formerly in place to ensure that foreign aid would not flow to organizations that provide or promote abortions, there is now no protection to ensure that the funding provided in this legislation does not flow to abortion providers overseas.
Earmarks: Contains no earmarks.
H.R. 3081 Spending in Thousands
(Please note that the FY 2009 spending levels are based on the appropriated funding level and do not reflect emergency spending. Some Democrat scoring methods have based FY 2009 funding on appropriated levels combined with emergency spending as a method of making the increase in appropriated spending in FY 2010 appear artificially smaller than in actuality.)
FY 2009 vs. H.R. 3081
Department of State
Civilian Stabilization Initiative (CSI)
Capital Investment Fund
Office of Inspector General
Educational and Cultural Exchange
Protection of Foreign Missions and Officials
Embassy Security, Construction, and Maintenance
Emergency Diplomatic Consular Service
Buying Power Maintenance Account
Repatriation Loans Program Account
American Institute in Taiwan
Foreign Service Retirement and Disability
Contributions to International Organizations
Contributions to International Peacekeeping
International Boundary Water Commission
International Fisheries Commissions
Broadcasting Board of Governors
Payment to the Asia Foundation
United States Institute of Peace
Center for Middle East-Western Dialogue
Eisenhower Exchange Fellowship Program
Israeli Arab Scholarship
National Endowment for Democracy
Preservation of US Heritage Abroad
Commission on International Religious Freedom
Commission on Security in Europe
Congress-Executive Commission on China
US-China Economic Security Commission
USAID and Foreign Assistance
Civilian Stabilization Initiative
Capital Investment Fund
Office of Inspector General
Bilateral Economic Assistance
Global Health and Child Survival
International Disaster Assistance
Economic Support Fund
International Fund for Ireland
Assistance Europe and Central Asia
International Narcotics Control
Nonproliferation, Anti-Terrorism, Demining
Migration and Refugee Assistance
Emergency Refugee Assistance
Millennium Challenge Corporation
International Security Assistance
International Military Education/Training
Foreign Military Financing Program
International Organizations and Programs
Global Environment Facility
International Development Association
Contribution to the Clean Technology Fund
Contribution to the Strategic Climate Fund
Asian Development Fund
African Development Fund
According to the CBO, H.R. 3081 would appropriate $48.8 billion in discretionary funding for FY 2010.
H.R. 3081 is being considered under a structured rule (H.Res. 617) making in order eight amendments. Each amendment is debatable for ten minutes. The Rule also allows the chair to reduce vote lengths to two minutes and prohibits demands for a division of the question. Under the Rule, only the Chairman of the Appropriations Committee may make a motion to rise and motions to strike the last word are prohibited.
Following the Democrats' decision to shut down the amendment process, the Rules Committee made in order a maximum of eight. One Manager's Amendment and seven general amendments are made in order under the rule. In short, the Democrats are allowing only up to 13 amendments to be offered, denying many amendments which were designed to limit spending.
Amendments Made in Order
Part A: Manager's Amendment.
1) Rep. Lowey (D-NY): Prohibits funds for foreign military training from being made to the government of Sri Lanka and stipulates that no funds may be used for first class travel by any agency employees.
The amendment also adjusts the funding level for a number of programs.
• Increases funding for the Department of State overseas programs by $300,000 to implement "the U.S.-Brazil Joint Action Plan to Eliminate Racial and Ethnic Discrimination and Promote Equality."
• Increases funding for the Office of the Inspector General by $8 million.
• Increases funding for the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction by $2 million.
• Increases funding for global maternal health programs by $10 million.
• Increases funding for Development Assistance for safe water and sanitation programs by $25 million.
• Increases funding for the Democracy Fund by $10 million.
• Reduces funding for the Department of State Capital Investment Fund by $25.3 million.
• Reduces funding for the USAID Capital Investment Fund by $28 million.
Part B: The following seven amendments are made in order under the Rule and must be offered at the appropriate point in the reading of the bill.
1) Rep. Broun (R-GA): Reduces overall discretionary spending in the bill by 5 percent.
2) Rep. Buyer (R-IN): Reduces the following accounts to reflect FY 09 enacted funding levels: Diplomatic and Consular Programs: reduced by $1.2 billion; Operating Expenses for USAID: reduced by $330 million; Global Health: reduced by $670 million.
3) Rep. Flake (R-AZ): Prohibits funds from the Department of State's Educational and Cultural Exchange Programs from being used for a one-time special educational, professional, or cultural exchange grants program, and reduces the overall amount of the appropriations in the bill by $8 million.
4) Rep. Granger (R-TX): Prohibit funds in the bill from being used by the Secretary of the Treasury to negotiate an agreement in contravention of certain provisions of law. Provisions include a requirement that the Secretary must ensure that the multilateral development banks make timely, public disclosure of their operating budgets and that the Secretary submit a report to Congress detailing the steps taken to coordinate the activities of the World Bank and the IMF to avoid duplication.
5) Rep. Lewis (R-CA): Reduces funding for Title V of the bill, which funds Multilateral Assistance, by $505,896,000 to reflect FY 2009 funding levels.
6) Rep. Stearns (R-NJ): Reduces funding for the Peace Corps by $76 million to the President's request.
7) Rep. Weiner (D-NY): Eliminates a provision that allows funds to be made available for assistance to Saudi Arabia if the President certifies that Saudi Arabia is fully cooperation with efforts to combat terrorism. Since 2004, Congress has banned aid to Saudi Arabia, unless the President certifies they are fully cooperative in U.S. efforts against terror. The amendment would eliminate the Presidential certification mechanism and effectively prohibit funds from being used to give assistance to Saudi Arabia.