|Sponsor||Rep. Payne, Donald M.|
|Date||May 4, 2009 (111th Congress, 1st Session)|
|Staff Contact||Adam Hepburn|
H.Con.Res. 103 is being considered on the floor under suspension of the rules, requiring a two-thirds majority vote for passage. This legislation was introduced by Rep. Donald Payne (D-NJ) on April 21, 2009.
H.Con.Res. 103 resolves that Congress:
• "Supports the goals and ideals of Malaria Awareness Day, including the achievable target of ending malaria deaths by 2015;
• "Calls upon the people of the United States to observe this day with appropriate programs, ceremonies, and activities to raise awareness and support to save the lives of those affected by malaria;
• "Reaffirms the goals and commitments to combat malaria outlined in the Tom Lantos and Henry J. Hyde United States Global Leadership Against HIV/AIDS, Tuberculosis, and Malaria Reauthorization Act of 2008;
• "Commends the progress made during the last year by anti-malaria programs including the President's Malaria Initiative and the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria;
• "Reaffirms the United States' support for and contribution toward the achievement of the targets set by the Roll Back Malaria Partnership Global Malaria Action Plan;
• "Encourages fellow donor nations to maintain their support and honor their funding commitments for Malaria programs worldwide;
• "Urges greater integration of United States and international health programs targeting malaria, HIV, Tuberculosis, neglected tropical diseases, and basic child and maternal health; and
• "Commits to continued United States leadership in efforts to reduce global malaria deaths, especially through strengthening health care systems that can deliver effective, safe, high-quality interventions when and where they are needed, and assure access to reliable health information and effective disease surveillance."
According to the resolution's findings, April 25 of each year is recognized internationally as Africa Malaria Day and in the United States as Malaria Awareness Day. Malaria was eliminated from the United States over 50 years ago, but more than 40 percent of the world's population is still at risk of contracting malaria. According to the World Health Organization, nearly 1,000,000 people die from malaria each year, the majority of whom are children under the age of five in Africa. Whereas malaria poses great risks to maternal health, the Center for Disease Control and Prevention estimates that malaria infection causes 400,000 cases of severe maternal anemia and from 75,000 to 200,000 infant deaths annually in sub-Saharan Africa.
Funding to control malaria has increased greatly since 2000, largely due to the President's Malaria Initiative, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the World Bank. The President's Malaria Initiative has protected over 17 million people through spraying campaigns, and has distributed over 6 million insecticide-treated bed nets.